Listening short.

You have ten seconds to read the task.

A

At the moment, the shopping centre sells / clothes

At the beginning of a radio play, you hear a girl leaving a massage for her friend? In a car

E

Each driving lessons costs: / 14 pounds

F

For his most recent TV program, John: / went to the Pacific Ocean for a year

Frank finds ships quickly because he / uses the latest equipment.

From Edinburgh, the campsite is / 40 miles

H

How did the man travel? /

How did the woman travel to Scotland? /

How did the family travel in Iceland?

How did the man learn about the cycling race?

How did the woman learn about the fire ?

How does the girl feel about it? / Unconvinced that there is a problem

How does the man go to work? /

How is the station's gym different from other city gyms? / It is not so expensive

How many children went on the school trip?/ 12

How many people compete in the South African race? 12.000

How many people are there in the band? / twelve

How much does Philip pay for the photography course?/ 75 pounds

How much is the silt? 15

How much is a movie ticket today? / 6 dollars

He has a reputation for being .. to his employees Rude

He only employs people who Want a permanent job

How does Stan feel about the Badwater race? Its a good personal test

How is the stations gym different from other city gems? It is not so expensive

How long did it take A1 Arnold to finish it? 80 hours

How many people are there in the band? Twelve

How will Nick get to the airport?

How will the man book tickets to the show?

I

In his songs. Steve writes about his /children

J

Jamie agrees to move into the new flat on / Sunday

O

On her first flight alone. Jane didn't / recognize the white house she was looking for

On the news you hear the story about a cat. Where was te cat found? / in train carriage

On weekdays, a visit to the park costs: / $12

P

Peter failed the test because he/didn't stop at the traffic lights

R

Roger thinks the best time to go to the campsite is / autumn

S

Sarah earns enough money from her painting to / pay for her flat and car

Steve enjoys recording with his band because / it's like being in a family/he doesn't have to sing/everyone helps write the music.

T

The A-Z of Photography will NOT interest experienced photographers because /The information is unsuitable

The band will only play your favourite song if/ you ask them before the party

The first old ship which Frank found /easy to find.

The magazine is different to a local newspaper because of how often it is sold. / what it contains

The presenter likes Cooking for One because/ she now likes cooking

Two friends are talking. Whats the mans new phone number? / 07 2844 798

 

W

What color is Marys coat?

What activity can people under 14 do? 17

What did John do when he last visited his friends? /

What did the friends learn about in the tv program?

What did man do at the sports centre yesterday?

What did the girl lose?

What did the man borrow from the library?

What did the man buy ?

What did the students enjoy learning about in the lecture today?

What did they watch on TV?

What do the man and woman agree about? / Birds are unlikely to be affected by farms

What does Frank say about the ship called The Seabird? / It sank in a storm

What does the man say about going to the gym? / It takes too much of his time

What does the woman like about the clothes he designs? / They are original

What does Joes father do?

What does Lisa drink?

What does Mr/Jones look like?

What does the man enjoy most about flying ?

What does the man receive in the post?

What does the woman plan to do in the mountains?

What does the woman plan to do in the mountains?...

What has the girl forgotten to bring? /

What has the woman left behind?

What has the woman studied in college this week?

What is the date of the weeding anniversary? 26

What is the man going to buy?

What has the man just bought? / a car

What has the mans job now?

What happened to Jane on her test flight? /She almost hit something

What is the mans favorite sport? /

What job does Marys brother do?

What is the maximum size of a class? / 4 people

What is the woman giving advice about? / Throwing things away

What is the woman going to eat?/

What is the woman worried about? / Risk of damage

What point is being made about college canteens? / the choice of food has improved

What should people do at the moment? / keep away from the area

What time does the film finish? /

What time does the film begin?

What time is the party on Saturday? / 2.30

What type of information is the radio reporter giving? / an accident report

What type of T-shirt does the woman want?

What was the boy's opinion of the place he went to yesterday? / It was easy to see butterflies in detail

What was the girl given for her birthday? ( )

What will Ben do this evening?/

What will Tim and his dad play today?/

What will they do today?

Whats the weather like now? /

Whats the weather like when the holiday began? /

When will the shop open again? /

When she was at primary school, Sarah painted pictures of people./ drew scenes in pencil.

Where did Minnie and Richard first meet?

Where does the band perform most regularly? /on a boat

Where will the couple meet? Where will the couple meet?

Where will they sit?

Which is the aunt's postcard?

Which day is Jimmys guitar lesson?

Where is Angela now?

Where will the man leave his car tonight?

Where is the computer now? /

Where is the girl's purse? /

Where is the new cafe?

Which girl is Sarah?

Which job does Max do on program? /

Which kind of T-shirt did the boy choose? /

Which man is the English teacher? /

Which platform does the womans train leave from?

Who gave the man the CD for his birthday? /

 

What luggage is the man taking on holiday?

2

What musical instruments does the family have now?

What should people not do?

What size does the woman buy?

Size 40

What time does the film begin?

13.45

What time does the film finish?

10:30

What time does the train leave?

03:30

What time will the flight to Brussels leave?

00:05

What was damaged during the journey?

What was the girl given for her birthday?

What was the weather like when the holiday began

What will Ben to this evening?

What will Chris get for his birthday?

What will open at the sports centre soon ?

What will the weather be like when the plane arrives?

What will the woman wear to the party?

What will they to today?

Whats Steve doing now?

Whats the weather like now?

()

When and where are the meeting?

7:30

When is the lecture?

21

When will the shop open again?

3

Where will the friends go running this evening?

Where will they sit?

2

Where can you park your car for free?

Where did Minnie and Richard first meet?

Where does the man prefer to swim?

Where is Angela now?

Where is he going to plant the tree?

Where is the computer now?

Where is the new café?

Where will Charles meet Bob?

Where will Maggies family stay on holiday this year?

Where will the girl meet?

Where will the man leave his car tonight?

C)

Which girl is Sarah?

Which campsite did Josh stay at last year?

Which chair does the man want?

Which girl Is Sharah?

Which is Garys room?

Which is the best vehicle for the man?

Which is the girls favorite photo?

Which job does Max do on the program?

Which man is the English teacher?

Which photograph does the man like?

Which picture shows what happened?

Which picture shows what the girls need?

 

2 1

Which platform does the womans train leave from?

2

Which sport does the woman compete in?

Which sport instructor is the man going to meet today?

Which winter sport was Max good at when he was young?


 



 

Listening long. You have 45 seconds to read the questions.

A

 

Adam

Adam first because attracted to underwater diving through / doing his training when he was in the army

When selecting the team he works with underwater, Adam is / willing to give young people an opportunity

How does Adam feel about working with a team at sea? / The risk involved have to be acknowledged

According to Adam, working in a deep water tank in studio / produces less exciting images

Adam dislikes using artificial light / Dit makes his working conditions too unpredictable./ difficult

1.       

Angela

Where is Angela working at the moment? / Britain

Angela likes her job because she / Enjoys watching important events

What did Angela bring home from Hong Kong? / Furniture

What time does Angelas working day begin? / 8:30

Where did Angela meet her boyfriend? / At her sisters house

2.       

Agent1) What does the agent say about the living area of the property?

B) It has potential for expansion.

2) When talking about the kitchen, the..

D) is keen for the buyer to ..

3) The agent says that the closet in the propertys main bedroom

A) is the most unusual she has seen.

4) What does the agent think about the bathroom in the property?

C) The buyer is lucky not to have to spend money on it.

5) According to the agent, the outside..

D) tends to be mostly in sh

3.       

Anna1) Why did Anna go to Castle Agnes?

B) to see the gardens

2) What does Anna think is special about the castle?

C) Its got a toy collection.

3) In the shop you can

B) get gardening advice

4) What is a new attraction for children atCA?

A) a playground

5) When is the best time to go to C. A?

C) early in the morning

4.       

B

 

BARBARA

Barbara once felt embarrassed / tried to speak

store detective / was waiting

Why did Barbara tell her / she was afraid

Barbara and her husband / they had been unable

Barbara's company / they had clear

5.       

Britta

How long has Britta lived in Berlin? / four years

What does Britta say about living in berlin? / She likes living in a big, busy city

The area of Berlin where Britta lives is / a good place to eat out

How does Britta usually travel around in Berlin / She uses her bicycle

Britta has lots of friends who / live near her

6.       

Ben Ben says the best thing to do during ..

eat at sensible times.

What does Ben say about having ..?

It is better to avoid doing it.

What does Ben particularly..?

letting air into the bedroom

What does Ben say about beds?

It is important to choose ..

What does Ben say about different ways of relaxing at night?

How effective they are depends on the person.

7.       

C

 

Camera Roxel DX15

The woman says that because the Roxel DX15 camera is cheap it has fewer features than other models. /it has a

What does camera? It is too heavy to carry comfortably. /Its battery compartment is badly

What is one problem with the camera controls? / The buttons may be difficult to operate

What does the woman say about the functions that the camera offers? / The functions menu is easy to use.

She thinks the picture quality this camera gives is worse than most phone cameras/ consistently less than perfect

What advice does the woman give about this camera? / Spend a bit more and get a better model/

8.       

Colin

According to Colin, the quality of YHA accommodation / has risen over the years

Colin says that the YHA decided what changes to make by / asking for the views of customers

Colin says that in the early years of the YHA / it was more common for young people to travel without parents

What does Colin say about YHA regulations / they used to be stricter

Colin fears that in the future there may be / too many hostels

9.       

Carla Why did Carla change the way ?

She spent very little time

What does Carla say about running?

She continues to work a lot of

What changes did Carla make to her .?

She exercises at a different time.

How does Carla feel about her health and eating habits?

surprised that she now feels so much better

Where does Carla spend time with?

In her own home

Which time-saving idea does Carla ...?

having a lot of similar clothes

10.   

CLARA

When she was at school / a teacher

Why did Cl not apply / she thought it

What surprised../ she had to carry

Cl was told to improve / mathematics

What part of her job / writing

What is Cl going / plan

11.   

 

12.   

E

 

ELENA

Elena decided / Nine

At ballet school in New York, Elena / was the only student from Bulgaria

What does Elena say / Children will enjoy it

In her free time / go shopping

What does Elena often do for her fans? / She gives them a flower

13.   

G

 

Gary and David (twin brothers)

What annoyed Garys twin brother David when they were young children? / Gary not telling him things

Why were the twins put into different classes at school? / to improve their academic works

Gary remembers that, as teenagers, he and his brother / sometimes tried to be independent of each other

Gary explains that, when they were young, he and David / only their mother could tell which twin was which

When talking about his music, Gary says that being twins / has increased the popularity of the brothers band

 

14.   

J

 

JUDY

Why did Judy / It was an important

What advice / Leave out unimportant

What is her attitude / She hasnt made

In writing her autobiography, Judy / feels she has made a lot of progress

What do we learn about Judy from the interview? / She hasnt written any books before

15.   

Jack Where is the town of Swanton?

Near the sea

What does Jack say about entertainment is Swanton?

An art center has recently opened

Jack is worried about the environment of Swanton because

there are few wild birds around today

What does Jack say about the way Swanton has changed?

He thinks it is a more interesting place

Jack is positive about the future of Swanton because

There is successful new shopping centre

16.   

James

Why did James decide / He was impressed by the work of a famous photographer

James has recently attended a course on / action photography

What was the subject of the / towns

James usually gets ideas for his photographs / he needs a long time to prepare

What has James decided he will do / publish a book of his photographs

17.   

John chose the title of his book to reflect t..

Diplomats need to..

What happened at his first official dinner?

He ate what he was gi

What is the worst food or drink he has been..?

Snake blood

What makes a food or drink particularly.?

Its appearance

What advice does he give to people in a sim..?

Imagine youre eating

Which word best describes his recent book?

Entertaining

What would be the most appropriate title for

Food through the ..

18.   

K

 

Kate

In Norway, Kates friends helped her / put on the clothes she would fly in

During the flight to Denmark, Kate / spoke to her son

On Monday, Kate was worried because / a wheel was not working properly

While staying at her friends farm, Kate / enjoyed hearing the birds sing

Kate had to arrive at the flying club in England / before it got dark

19.   

Karl 1) What reason does Karl give for not learning to swim as a child?

B) He didnt have access to a pool

2) How did Karl feel about his first swimming lesson?

A) excited to be learning a useful skill

3) As Karl was watching the swimmers, he realised that

C) he wasnt as confident as the children were

4) During Karls first lesson, he

B) understood how difficult..

5) What does Karl say about the race he took part in?

C) He was pleased that he was good enough to take part

20.   

L

 

Lucy

Lucy enjoyed building a tree-house because it / presented an interesting design problem

What fascinated Lucy about the historical phone boxes? / their range of styles

At college, Lucy designed small buildings so that they / could be assembled in a shorter time

Lucy got the idea for a folding market stall / while she was on an overseas trip

What did Lucy like best about her award-winning design? / the decoration

21.   

When Laura first swam with a whale

She thought about what was..

Laura says that being in the water with whales is a miracle because

the whales make a conscious decision to be friendly.

Laura says that when you approach a whale,

you should think of it as someone you dont know well.

Laura says that secondary reinforcers are used

after a particular action has been completed.

What does Laura say about giving the whales food?

It has less effect on them than physical contact.

Laura says that a successful relationship between a whale and a trainer

is based on genuine affection between the two.

When asked about the skills a trainer needs, Laura mentions

reacting to the frightening appearance of a whale.

22.   

Luke

Lukes Dad says he prefers to travel in a van because / It will give him a better experience of places

What is Luke most looking forward do? / Doing a watersport

What has Luke done in preparation for the trip? / He has helped research the cost of travel

How will Luke continue his studies during the trip? / He will be taught by his mother

What will Luke miss most of all? / Being an his own

23.   

M

 

Madeleine

What does Madeleine say about having to adopt a professional name / It met with some resistance from some people

How did having a part in a musical help Madeleine / It allowed her to re-establish a routine in her life

Madeleine thinks that stars who seem to be behaving badly / might just be expressing their creativity

Madeleine thinks that she hasnt become a big star because she / blames herself when things go wrong

Compared to her earlier work, Madeleine thinks that her latest songs / have more carefully written lyrics

24.   

MARINA

What did Marinas family do on holiday when she was a child? / They went skiing in their favourite ski resort

What did Marina enjoy most about cross-country skiing? / The places where she skied

On her first day of cross-country skiing, Marina received instruction from / a young girl

When Marina first used cross-country ski equipment / she wasnt able to control her skis

After two weeks of cross-country skiing, what distance could Marina ski in a day? / 25km

Where does Marina plan to stay for her skiing holiday next year? / in ski huts

25.   

Martin Middleton (Borneo)

What was the origin of Martin Middletons love of travel / something he read as a child

When he visited Borneo, Martin / had no expectations

Since the early 1960s, wildlife filming has become / more organised (involved more traveling)

When he takes a holiday, Martin prefers to / travel for a particular reason

Martin thought that the holiday-makers he saw in Dominican Republic were / lacking entertainment

26.   

1) When McGregor and Boorman first had the idea for their trip, their wives

C) seemed to accept it.

 

2) In the beginning, why did the actors decide to travel a long way?

C) to see where one of them had lived

3) What does McGregor say about his motorbike training?

B) It made him sad initially.

 

4) Now he is back home, McGregor

B) misses the quieter places..

5) The writer thinks the TV programme is good because of

A) the people who took part in it.

27.   

 

Mr Simpson became a zoo owner because he wanted to

C) share his love of animals

He only employs people who

A) want a permanent job

Keepers must record animal behaviour in order to

A) draw attention to changes

To keep animals in good condition keepers must

B) vary their routine

In the first few months, keepers must work in

C) most of the sections

 

 

MusicFlow Whys is MusicFlow popular with record companies?

It is completely legal

What is one of Steven Prides faults?

Going to sleep at inapp

Why does he admire the Beatles?

Because of how many good..

Whose is the latest album you can ?

Little Feats

Where does Steven Pride think most people hear about now music?

From the radio

What was the first challenge he faced?

Making deals with record

Who does he believe MusicFlows ?

nobody

28.   

N

 

Nick

What has recently helped Nick to produce so much work ? / a sense of artistic freedom

Musicians who participated in the recording of Nicks work / restrictions on the type of instrument allowed

What does Nick say about the concept of the blues? / it can exist outside music.

When asked about writing songs, Nick says that he / needs piece in order to compose

In Nicks view, what makes a good song? / when the words and music come to the songwriter at the same time.

 

29.   

Oliver What was one of Tobys problems in the kitchen?

He couldnt find anything

What is important to Oliver about the.?

Making them look good

Oliver becomes angry when

Food isnt ready on time

What do the kitchen staff say about O?

He teaches them many things

Oliver encourages his young cooks to

Train with other chefs

30.   

P

 

PETE

When Pete applied to be a guest cosmonaut, he / lacked a necessary skill

When Pete was at university, he / didnt have to worry about money

What does Pete say about the jobs he took after university? / They made him decide to take up writing as a career

What does Pete think about space exploration? / There are advantages despite the costs

What does Pete feel about life on other planets? / He accepts that it might not exist

31.   

R

 

Rachel 1

How does Rachel account for the popularity of her books? / Her target audience can relate to them easily

According to Rachel, what motivates her to start painting each day? / a desire to express her commitment to art

Rachel says that when the idea for a character comes to her, / it is easy to recognize its potential

How was Rachels illustrator established? / A change of topic helped her produce a successful book

How did Rachel become a successful writer, as ? / She created a character who was instantly popular

32.   

Rachel 2

What does Rachel say about her job title? / It is appropriate for most of the work she does

What is the most of most common reason for the gallery ? / It is mot of a high enough quality

When can phone calls from artists be difficult for Rachel? / When their work is not accepted

Why does Rachel include a commentary in the catalogue? / It gives background information about the artist

What does Rachel say about administrative work? / She is able to leave a lot of it to others

33.   

S

 

Sally

What was Sallys favorite activity at primary school? / listening to stories

When Sally first the left school, she got a job as a / shop assistant

Where does Sally get most of the ideas for her stories? / She listens to teenage conversations

What does Sally find most difficult in her job? / getting up very early to write

What are Sallys plans for a next year? / to go abroad

34.   

Sarah

How long has Sarah Worked as a weather forecaster? / 7 years

What does Sarah say about her job? / She sometimes has to work at night

When Sarah does a weather forecast? / she prepares it in advance

Sarah is pleased because she / took part in a long race

A man in India wanted / a photo of Sarah

35.   

Seth

According to Seth, what mistake do people who going to ? / They take nothing to sleep on

Which problem at the festival has now been solved? / the level of security for bands

Seth believes his festival is more suitable for children / trained staff are available to look after them

Seth predicts that the bands attracting most people this year will be those which / have the most famous names

According to Seth, why should people go to a big live festival? / The audiences are as interesting as the events

36.   

SIMPSON

Mr Simpson became a zoo owner because he wanted to / share his love of animals

He only employs people who / want a permanent job

Keepers must record animal behaviour in order to / draw attention to changes

To keep animals in good condition keepers must / vary their routine

In the first few months, keepers must work in / most of the sections

37.   

Swanton Jack

Where is the town of Swanton located? / near the sea

What does Jack say about entertainment in Swanton? / An arts center has recently opened

Jack is worried about the environment of Swanton because? / there are few wild birds around today

What does Jack say about the way Swanton has charged? / He thinks it is a more interesting place

Jack is positive about the future of Swanton because / there is a successful new shopping center

38.   

What does Scott say about his capsule apartment in Japan?

He had to think carefully about where to put things

Scott says that the upside-down house he lived in

Wasnt as exciting as he thought it would be

How did Scott feel when he had to leave his home in London ?

Pleased to escape the effects of the weather

What does enjoy about living in cities ?

Seeing lots of people

What problem has Scott had with his water building?

Its hard to find the right colour for it

Why would Scott like to design a railway station?

To test transport services

39.   

T

 

The Railway Princess (TV programs)

The Railway Princess is on television from / 9:00 to 10:30

There is a music program for teenagers / at lunchtime

You can see a football match between / Brazil and Ireland

If the weather is bad, there will be no / tennis

In the quiz program, team have to guess / the year

What kind of film is I could Live Forever / a musical

 

 

40.   

Toby and Oliver

What was one of Tobys problem in the kitchen? / He couldnt find anything

What is important to Oliver about the biscuits? / making them look good

Oliver becomes angry with / food isnt ready on time

What do the kitchen staff say about Oliver? / He teaches them many things

Oliver encourages his young cooks to / train with other chefs

41.   

Tom

Tom criticizes some top film actors for / their lack of creativity

What does Tom see as central to his parents style of acting? / insight into the demands of a role

According to Tom, what is difficult about playing cruel characters? / the actor has to make the audience understand them.

According to Tom, what is the actors task when reading a script for documentary? / to convey the necessary information in a neutral manner

What does Tom admit to at the end of the interview? / a desire to improve his own character

42.   

Tv prog 1) The Railway Princess is on television from

9.00 to 10.30

2) There is a music programme for teenagers

at lunchtime

3) You can see a football match between

Brazil and Ireland

4) If the weather is bad, there will be no

tennis

5) In the quiz program team have to guess

the year

6) What kind of film is I could live forever?

a musical

43.   

Freddie 1) Freddie went to his first go-kart race

C) 15

2) Who helped Freddie buy his first

B) his mother

3) What does Freddie find hardest..?

A) attention from the media

4) What does Freddie like to do befor...

C) listen to some music

5) Freddie wants to tell young go-kart..

C) the amount of time need..

44.   

 

 


 


Reading Part 1 (4). For this question, choose the correct answer (choose the one word (Total words in answer: 4))

A

.. must this door / on no account

A proposal to build a new bypass has / aroused

Advertisement are required / impression

All the children enjoyed going.. / apart

All participants must / consent

Although we set / off

Annie can come / across \out

As Jack wasnt to getting / accustomed

At the end of the performance / applause

a bridge designed to ..earthquakes withstand

Although I wasn't a fan of classical music in my youth, Ive ___to appreciate it in recent years come

Annie can come___as a bit distant, but shes really good across

C

Certain nonperishable stock, such as artificial flowers and vases, year in / anticipation

Chris is poorly paid / on

Could you please cut / down on

F

Football club manager Steve Darnley / levelled at

G

Given the remote location / suppose

H

Have you got / plenty

He found a really good.. / though

He had to / borrow

He has a reputation for being / rute

He is a very bossy child.. / telling

He speak five European.. / tongue

He up going to the /gave

Hehimself on his / prides

How is the station's gym different from other city gyms? It is not so expensive

I

I am afraid Mr.Logan / put

I am afraid we will have to / order

I am really sorry to let / come up

I applied for a very interest / down

I couldnt really agree / flaws

I didnt mean to upset her / speech

I dont hold / out

I dont know where I went / scratch

I had to creep silently / as

I really enjoy stories / set

I thoroughly enjoyed the play though I couldn't help but feel that it ended rather / abruptly

Id like toa table / book

Ill never forget that incredible view, it'll be / etched

If prices continue / make

If the police are going / corroborate

If you are not feeling / by

In the of the latest / light

In the city centre / range

Is there.food / enough

Is there.of food / plenty

It really gets me / down

It remains impossible to say with any / degree

It the police are going to believe what Dr Fielden , he is going to need someone to / corroborate

It took a team of engineers / withstand

It took us eigth hours / reach

It was very of you / courageous

If you know the competition answer you should ring 0018937224

In the first few months, keepers must work in Most of the sections

I sincerely regret the problems you experienced. Barbara Hamilton has written this letter to publicize a discount on rail travel in March.

Investment of this kind of ..

support

J

James made a great / effortdear david

Jamie agrees to move into the new flat on Monday/ Sunday

K

Kate feel much more / optimistic

Keepers must record animal behavior in order to Draw attention to changes

M

Many people were critical / trivialize

My parents never allow me / to

My wife was totally / engrossed

Modern computers can hold ..amounts of information. huge

Mr. Simpson became a zoo owner because he wanted Share his love of animals

O

Only those who register / eligible

Our group is quite / formed

Overworking yourself to the point / vicious

On her first flight alone, Jane didnt .. recognize the white house she was looking for

On the news you hear a story about a car. Where was the cat found? In a train carriage

On weekdays, a visit to the park costs ... a$12.

P

Passengers can upgrade to first / supplement

Paula is in a meeting at the / call

Peter doesnt find his work / commit

Please note that prices / expense

Prices set to rise following slump in production Fewer products are now being manufactured

Peter failed the test because he Didnt stop at the traffic lights

R

Roger thinks the best time to go to the campsite is Autumn

S

Shall we have an/ Yes, lets

She always ate breakfast at.. / setting out

She felt very close / to

She hadnt slept for three days.. / pale

She is highly-skilled / in

She ought more time / to have had

Success as an athlete / on

Sarah earns enough money from her painting to pay for her flat and car.

Severe iron . can cause developmental delay and growth retardation deficit

T

Tanya Miltons / hitherto

Thanks to a passerby's quick thinking, the accident was / averted

The board wants to make / radical

The boss tends to / turn

The company even in / broke

The current of fresh / deficiency

The hotel restaurant / caters for

The lecture gave us / insight

The new housing law will / transition

The new flat is Over a shop

The New Reels festival / showcase

The number of stars / merest

The party was cancelled / short

The phones all looked so / make up

The first old ship which Frank found was .... easy to find.

The purpose of the course / awareness

The shrill ringing of the / train

The striker / seized

The government claimed they were doing a good job of reducing the country's trade .. and balancing the budget. deficiency

The magazine is different to a local newspaper because of what it contains

The person who wrote the music lived in Spain

The picnic was funthe weather was bad although

The teacher glared / at

The traffic was so / heavy

The presenter likes Cooking for One because it taught her to cook Italian food

The A-Z of Photography will not interest experienced photographers because the information is unsuitable

There is a lot of work to do / for

They agreed to lend him / provided that

They are used a form of tortured deprivations

They've been involved in a legal . with the council for several months. battle

This piece of music has been Used in advertising

This weeks prize is A classical CD

This book is not only / casual

Tim was grateful / for

Tomas kept with his / fidding

To keep animals in good condition keepers must Vary their routine

Two friends are talking. Whats the mans new phone number? 072844798

W

We are looking for / take

We didnt want to / forgo

We passed him in the car the.. / at

We would gratefully We would like your old reading material for our patients.

Where does the band perform most regularly? On a boat

When Joanne stopped working, it left a great / void

When was the first Badwater race completed 1977

When she was at primary school, Sarah Drew scenes in pencil

With this discovery / threshold

What has Roger been working on recently at a zoo? A survey of native species

What has the man just bought? A car

What happened to Jane on her test flight? She almost hit something.

What did his favourite prize allow him to do? stay in a luxurious place

What do the man and woman agree about? Birds are unlikely to affected by wind farms

What do we learn about Judy from the interview? She hasnt written any books before.

What do you learn about the four people mentioned? They have recently formed a group.

What does Frank say about the ship called The Seabird? It sank in a storm.

What does she say about the diet? It can have useful results

What does Stan say he values most about the sport? He realizes how grateful he is to have friends and family

What does the man say about going to the gym? It takes too much of his time

What does the woman think is wrong with Holidays in Europe? The maps are not very good/ A) It leaves out well-known places.

What is his main point? the benefits of the course

What is the date of the weeding anniversary? 26

What is the maximum size of a class? 4 people

What is the sport called? Ultra-Marathons

What is the woman giving advice about? Throwing things away

What is the woman worried about? Risk of damage

What should people do at the moment? a. keep away from the area

What time is the party on Sunday? 2.30

What time do the photography classes begin? C) 6.45 p.m

What did people do when they first heard the music? Some left before the end

What else shares the title of this music ? A play

What was the boys opinion of the place he went to yesterday? It was easy to see butterflies in detail

What type of information is the radio reporter giving? A travel announcement

Why was Bob chosen to join the band? b. They were looking for a singer.

Why did Steve and his band leave their recording company? It wanted more control of the band's music.

Why did she accept a job in a bookshop? / She hoped to improve certain skills

Why is the woman annoyed? She doesnt know why there is a delay

Why does she recommend it? / Its an area of natural beauty

Who gave the man the CD for his birthday? Dad

Which day is Jimmys guitar lesson? Thursday

Y

You should always make / heating

You should not have a dog / prepared

You hear a woman talking about someone she knows. What does she say about him? Hes always cheerful.

You hear a men talking on the phone about buying a house. What is the purpose of his call? To obtain information

You hear a man talking on the phone about buying a house. What is the purpose of his call? to apologies

You hear a man talking to people at the beginning of a course. What is his main point? the benefits of the course

You hear a man talking about a newspaper article. What is the main point about the article? He couldnt understand it.

You hear a scientist talking.. What does she say about the diet? it can have useful results

You hear a teenage girl talking about her hobby. What is she talking about? A musical instrument

You hear 2 people talking. How does the woman feel? C) relieved

You overhear 2 people ..restaurant. Where has the woman just come from? A supermarket/a hospital

You overhear 2 people talking on bus tour of a city. What do they agree about? How busy the city is

You overhear 2 people talking at a bus stop. What is the relationship between them? They are neighbours.

You overhear a man talking about the competitions that he and his wife enter. What did his favorite prize allow him to do? Stay in a luxurious place

You overhear a woman talking about some news she has just received. How does she feel about the news? C) delighted

You hear someone talking about keeping a diary. What does he say about his diary? He doesnt always keep it up to date.

You hear someone talking about a film. What is her opinion of the film? The critics are wrong about it.

You hear someone talking about a mistake he made. How did he feel when he made the mistake? Annoyed

You hear a radio announcer talking about a programme. What kind of programme is she talking about? a documentary series

You hear a voicemail message. What is the speaker doing in the message? insisting on something

You hear a school headmaster talking about notices. What is he telling the students? / where to display them

You turn on the radio What do you learn about the 4 people mentioned? They have recently formed a group

You turn on the radio and hear a man speaking. What are you listening to? an advertisement

You can only go though the park On foot

Z

Zoe and Corinne were inseparable throughout high school but they began to / drift apart

 


 

Reading


Part 2 boxes. For this question, choose the correct answer (choose the one answer (Total answers: 3))

B

Back from the Brink

/ The book is an account of work with endangered animals

Barbara Hamilton

/ Barbara Hamilton has written this letter to offer compensation for a difficult rail journey

C

Customers note

What does the sign say?

The store is going to open later than normal on Thursday morning.

College of fashion

those wishing to join a course will be interviewed

D

Dentist

If you dont attend your appointment

Dear David

Sarahs hotel is on a hillside

Departure Information

The driver will put passengers luggage on the bus during breakfast

F

For a home

Phone before 10.00 am if you want the doctor to visit you at home

 

 

 

H

Hi Gary

Tom

Hillside Beach. To protest animals, .. do not leave any garbage on the beach

I

I sincerely regret the problems you on March 20th. I am enclosing $25.00.. Barbara Hamilton has written this letter to offer compensation for a difficult rail journey in March

M

Montana Caravan Holidays

You can only stay in your caravan for six months or less at one time

Machines are available for public . ) What does the sign say? A) Passengers cannot use the machines by themselves.

N

No bicycles

Do not leave your bicycle to touching the window

P

Prices

Fewer products are now being manufactured.

S

Students cookbook

The book has simple instructions

T

Tash

going sightseeing

The Dentist charges for all missed 24hours If you dont attend your appointment, you may have to play a fee

W

We would

We would like your old reading material for our patients

What has Tash enjoyed most? (Paula, very little 17) going sightseeing

 


Reading Part 3. For this question, choose the correct answer (choose the one answer out of four. Total answers: 5)

A

A famous artist - Picasso

Pablo Picasso was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain, the son of an artist, Jose Ruiz, and Maria Picasso. He took his mother's surname, [which] was more unusual than his father's. Picasso's [career] as an artist lasted [over] 75 years. Many people [believe] that he changed modern art more than any other artist of his [generation] Picasso died in France in 1973.

A love of Travelling

For Nigel Portman, a love of travelling began with what's called a 'gap year'. In common with many other British teenagers, he chose to take a year out, travelling in America and Asia, before [setting down] to study for his degree. Now that his university course has [come] to an end, Nigel is just about to leave on a three-year trip that will take him [right] around the world, using only 'natural' transport. In other words, he'll be [relying] mostly on bicycles and his own legs: and when there's an ocean to cross, he won't be taking a [short] cut by climbing aboard a plane, he'll be joining the crew of a sailing ship instead.

Albert Einstein play instead . teacher to confirm two problems in mind He reached

A man of many parts

Life on a remote Scottish island is wonderfully peaceful. But* one local, Hamish McAlpine, life is far from relaxing. This is because Hamish has fourteen jobs. When/as he meets me off the ferry, harbour master Hamish is one and only person in sight. Luckily, he is also the island's taxi driver, so he takes me to the hotel,which he owns. He can even be found serving behind the counter at the local shop. It all started not long after Hamish married his wife Donna in 1964.The couple were asked if/whether they would like to run the post office. Then Hamish found himself agreeing to become fire chief, policemean and coastguard. Now, having given 35 years of devoted service, Hamish is about to retire. But who will take over his jobs? Can one person do it all or will the jobs to be split up? Apart from their week-long honeymoon on the mainland, the couple have had hardly any holidays. 'Donna and I have worked together every day for the last 35 years. But who knowns, one we have lots of time on our hands we may/might find we can't stand the sight of each other ,' says Hamish, his eyes twinkling mischievously.

Anita Roddick (1942-2007)

In 1976, Anita Roddick opened the first Body Shop in Brighton, England. She sold skin creams made from natural ingredients in environment-friendly containers.

Anita had travelled to many different countries as a student. She NOTICED that ordinary women in Africa and south-east Asia did not buy expensive creams for their skin, BUT used simple local materials like cocoa fat and lemon juice. She DISCUSSED his with a plant expert, and together they developed a completely new KIND of skincare product.

Today there are over 2,000 Body Shops around the world. Anita Roddick showed people a new way of DOING business successfully.

Antarctica

there even prevented him from of the fact of ice which/that Antarctica apart century but dogs to

Amelia arhart

had TAKEN by rising UP From THEN on.. revolved ABOUT flying. But strong THE

A model village

In 1861,George Cadbury took over control of his father's chocolate factory in Birmingham, England. At that time, it was hard for ordinary working people to find comfortable houses in which they could afford to live, and Cadbury wanted to improve the situation. He started by moving his chocolate factory into the countryside. He thought that if each of his workers had his own house in a healthy environment then this would result in a happy family life. The first 143 houses of the model village, called Bournville, was built on ground next to the factory in 1895. A few workers were able to buy their houses cheaply while the majority paid a fair rent. Every house had a large garden. All these gardens were cultivated to supply the villagers with fresh fruit and vegetables . One tenth of the village area was given over to public spaces so that there was somewhere for residents to sociable and where community projects could take place. Bourville is a continuing success story and today has more than 8,000 homes. Cadbury's model village originally gave rise to the idea of the garden city, and has had many imitators in Europe and the United States

A Night We Wont Foreget.

Last weekend my two friends and I decided to try out the new Italian restaurant on Moore Street in the city centre. We ______ always loved Italian food so we were sure that we wouldnt be DISAPPOINTED . It was wonderful evening and we took a table outside. There werent MANY people in the restaurant and a waiter came to our table very QUICKLY . We were GIVE the menu and everybody ordered traditional Italian dishes. I asked for SOME (much) water for us to drink. Then everything started to go awfully wrong. We had to wait FOR (to)forty minutes for our meals. Finally when the waiter served us we realized that he had mixed the orders up and we all had to eat food we HASNT order. After we had finished our meals, we waited another half an hour before the bill was being prepared only to find that they got that wrongly, too. In fact, ANYTHING was wrong in that restaurant and we WILL go back.

A Musician is discovered

When William was a small boy, the family A (0) spent their holidays on his grandfathers farm in the mountains. On their arrival, the children would race around the yard and orchard, overjoyed to be free from the strictly correct (2) behaviour expected of them in the city. As the days passed, their parents also (3) became increasingly relaxed, and the house rang with the laughter of old friends. It was during one of these visits that Williams (4) ability to remember a tune led to the suggestion that the boy should (5) take up a musical instrument. One evening everyone was gathered in the living-room, and a discussion (6) arose about the differences between a piece of music which was popular at the time and a well-known folk song. Various adults tried to(7) prove the similarity of the two tunes to those who (8) disagreed with them, but without success. (9)Silence fell, and then William, who was about five, made his (10) way to the piano and played first one tune and the other. His parents and their friends were astonished (11) as no one had even heard William (12) try to play before. That child must go to a music teacher, (13) stated one neighbour, and the others agreed. Williams parents were persuaded to (14) accept help with payment of the fees, and his musical (15) career began.

Alaska: It's a State of Mind

(1) that (2) such (3) than (4) but  (5) to (6) up . (7) are (8) ofstress.

About Fish and Aquariums

There are more than 200,000 species of fish inhabiting many (1) . DIFFERENTwaters. New species of fish are discovered every year. From the deepest part of the seas thousands of feet down in total (2) . DARKNESS, to the beautiful aqua-blue waters of the coral reefs, to the streams, lakes, and ponds of freshwater found throughout the world, fish have adapted an incredible variety of life-forms, styles, and (3) BEHAVIOURS . The group of aquatic animals we call fishes has evolved for over 400 million years to be the most (4) . NUMEROUS and diverse of the major vertebrate groups. Forty-one percent of the world's fish species inhabit only fresh water. This is pretty (5) . AMAZING.considering that fresh water covers only 1 percent of the world's surface. As you probably already know salt water covers 70 percent of the earth's surface. So the number and (6) VARIETY of fresh water species to marine or saltwater species is all the more mind-boggling. While they inhabit the smallest amount of water, they have, in fact, adapted to a much (7) WIDER, range of habitats and to a greater variety of water conditions. Let's take a closer look at the unique adaptations of fish that have allowed them to live so (8) SUCESSFULLY in the medium we call water. OK

Albert Einstein 1.instead 2.confirm 3.exceptions 4. Mind 5.reached

A new book about history 1.be 2. As 3. How 4. Which 5. Only

Advertising 1.uses 2.more 3.ways 4. In 5. without

B

Board games in cafes 1. Designed 2. Leapt 3. Model 4.outgoing 5. Stuch on?

Birth of the movies

Moving pictures were invented by the brothers Louis and Auguste Lumiere at the end of the 19th century. Movies very [quickly] became popular all over the world. In 1907 the first studios were built in a [district] of Los Angeles called Hollywood. It was the perfect place, close to many kinds of natural scenery. [by/in] the 1920s, Hollywood was the center of the world film [industry]. To begin with, the movies had no sound.

Words [appeard] on screen from time to time to explain the story.

BRITISH BREAKS

Now that spring is here, it's time to start thinking about holidays. You don't have to spend all your holiday in the same place. Why not try three or four short breaks away from home this year - in the British Isles? More and more people are doing it. Britain is full of interesting places to visit, with some historic sites that are two thousand years old. There are so many places to choose from: you might want to tour the Scottish Highlands, have a relaxing few days at a country house hotel, or enjoy the exciting nightlife of a busy modem city like London or Manchester. For that special travel away there's a wide range of weekend and mid-week breaks. All across the country, hotels and resorts are getting ready to welcome the new season's visitors.

Bebel Gilberto

Bebel Gilberto is one of Brazil's most talented singers. Her first album. 'Tanto Tempo', [was] bought by over a million people, and is among the biggest-selling Brazilian albums of all [time]. Her second album, called simply 'Bebel Gilberto', followed a few years later. Bebel comes from a successful musical family and she [remembers] growing up with music all around her. She is particularly grateful [to] her mother, who was her first singing teacher. She sang on her her on stage at nine years old [joined] her on stage.

Bebel Gilberto is one of Brazils most talented singers. With her first album,Tanto Tempo, Bebel says she didnt know IF/ WHETHER people would like her songs. The problem is always with the second album, she EXPLAINS.I began to worry if people would like this album as MACH as they liked the first. But she didnt need to worry-her second album, called simply Bebel Gilberto, was a great success. Bebel has been performing since she was nine years old, and she has no PLANS to end her singing career. I want to sing BY/UNTIL the age of ninety, she says

Book review

Dava Sobel's best-seller. Longitude, tells the story of John Harrison's long [battle] with the English establishment of the 18th century to prove that his clocks were the best way to measure longitude at sea. The establishment [impersonated] in the figure of Sir Nevile Maskelyne found it demeaning that a simple, uneducated mechanic could do better than all the brilliant astronomers. Maskelyne did everything he could to frustrate Harrison. Reading this book, I was struck by how many great inventors have had little education, and in particular how little they [owe] to science. Harrison [found out] mechanics while working as an apprentice carpenter. Thomas Edison had less than three months of normal schooling and Guillermo Marconi had a limited formal education. With the exception of James Watt, none of the great pioneers of steam was even literate, [let] alone university educated.

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder

How do you react when you look at yourself in the mirror? Do you smile so do you feel like crying? Does the idea of wearing summer clothes make you panic, or does it excite you?

Body image has become a very important issue in our society. Many young women and teenage girls, in particular are, greatly influenced by the images they see in adverts, films and magazines.

They go on dangerous crash diets and they want to look like the super-thin models and movie stars they see and read about. But we don't ought to copy our favorite celebrities. Thin is not always beautiful. People come in all shapes and sizes - that's what makes each person interesting. So, next time you look in the mirror, remember that you are special.

Blobfish is ugliest animal

The grumpy-looking, gelatinous blobfish has won a public vote to become the official mascot of the Ugly Animal Preservation Society.

The society began as a science-themed comedy night and devised its mascot campaign 1) to draw attention to aesthetically challenged threatened species. The bizarre creature lives off the coast of south-eastern Australia and Tasmania, at depths of 2) between 600 and 1,200m, where atmospheric pressure is several dozen times higher than at sea level.

It feeds on crabs and lobsters and so suffers a significant threat 3) from fishing trawlers. Although it is inedible itself, it gets caught up in the nets. Carly Waterman from the Zoological Society of London's Endangered Species programme, which aims to highlight and conserve evolutionary one of 4) a kind species, praised the campaign, saying it was important to raise awareness of less traditionally charismatic animals. The campaign was run in conjunction 5) with the National Science and Engineering Competition.

C

Cats

Cats of all kinds are present in the legends, religion, mythology, and history of (1) MANY, different cultures. Cave paintings created by early humans display different types of wild cats (2) WHICH / THAT.. are now extinct, or no longer around. Many of these great beasts saw humans as food, but were hunted by humans in return. Cats similar (3) TO the ones kept as pets today started showing up in artwork thousands of years ago. For example, the ancient Egyptians believed cats were the sacred, or special, animal of a goddess named Bast. They believed that Bast often appeared as a cat, so many ancient Egyptians respected and honoured cats and kittens. (4) HOWEVER | NEVERTHELESS, other cultures feared cats or thought that they brought illnesses and bad luck. Today, with millions kept as pets in homes around the world, cats have become important members of many families. No one knows for sure when or (5)  HOW/WHERE cats became very popular household pets. It's possible that people noticed how cats hunted mice and rats, (6) SO they set food and milk out to keep the cats near their homes. This helped to prevent (7)  TOO many of these rodents (8) FROM coming into homes and eating people's food or spreading sickness.

Celebration Dearm Town USA

Close your eyes and imagine the perfect town, with pretty houses and tree- lined streets around a clear blue lake. Now, open your eyes and head for the town of Celebration in Florida, USA, where The Walt Disney Company has , once again , turned a dream into reality.

All the houses in Celebration have garages at the back , so the streets are clear of parked cars. Fences are low and backyardsare small so that people can talk to their neighbours. Children play happily in the parks and playgrounds. Parents let them go off by themselves without protecting from their safety. The towns facilities , which include a school , medical technology with the traditional style of a small 1950s town.

If you put up with life in the fast lane , take a break and pay a visit to Celebration. Who knows you might even decide to stay.

Cheap nglish books

Have you just started to learn English? Do you want to buy some English books FOR beginners? I HAVE several easy books on grammar and vocabulary. I have only used THEM a little, so they look new. And they want cost a lot. New books are a lot MORE expensive. You can see my books in Class 4A. I WILL be there on Wednesday and Friday, from 1.30pm to 3.00 pm.

Paloma Gonzales.

Computer game review

Families are big business for video game makers and new release Wild Pirate promises to tick all THE right boxes for gamers of any age. Wild Pirate draws ON the gaming experience of its makers, Spice Studios, and is an action game in WHICH players pilot huge pirate ships. For families its a great chance to collaborate WITH one another in a game that is not only frantic and fun but also highly strategic. ALTHOUGH not a lot of the game has been seen yet, what has been released is visually impressive and cinematic in feel, and looks set to be one of the biggest hits of the year.

Crocodiles 1. Land 2.besides 3.perfectly 4.periods 5. remain

D

Deserts 1

Deserts exist in every continent of the world apart from Europe. Most deserts are hot, but there are also cold deserts. In fact, the world's largest desert is Antarctica, [which] is made almost completely of ice. The Sahara desert [covers] ten per cent of Africa, and is the world's largest hot desert. However, the hottest place on earth is Death Valley in California; on 10 July 1913, the temperature there [reached] 56.7 C the highest temperature [ever] recorded. Some plants manage to live in deserts, but they grow very slowly. The saguaro cactus, for example, [takes] thirty years to grow one metre tall.

Deserts 2

Deserts exist in every continent of the world apart from Europe. A region can be called a desert if its

[average] annual rainfall is under 250 mm. [While] most deserts are hot, there are also cold deserts, such as Antarctica, a desert made almost completely of ice.

Deserts are often [thought] of as impossible places to live in, but they are actually home to a [wide] range of plants and animals. With so [little] rainfall, plants grow slowly and only flower on rare occasions.

Dogs and wolves 1.into 2. While 3. Where 4. Than 5. Had

Dear Maria,

Its good to be back home in my country but I still think ABOUT all the friends I made in our English class, especially you. I was sad THAT I left England because my visit WAS too short. I would LIKE to return to England but THIS time I will stay for a longer time. Shohie

Dear mary,

How are you. I __RECEIVED__ (receive) your letter last week. Thank you for the recipe for the cake I __ASKED__ (ask) for. I __MADE__ (make) it last week and it __WAS__ (be) very nice. I now __HAVE__ (have) a new job in a supermarket in the city centre. I __GO__ (go) there every day at 3 o'clock in the afternoon and __WORK__ (work) there till 10 o'clock in the evening. I __AM__ (be) very happy because my sister __WORKS__ (work) there too so we __TRAVEL__ (travel) to and from work together. I __GOT__ (get) my first wages last week and I __WENT OUT__ (go out) immediately and __BOUGHT__ (buy) a new stereo for my bedroom. It __IS__ (be) gold and black and __LOOKS__ (look) very nice. My brother __IS COMING__ (come) to stay with me for a few days next week so I __AM__ (be) very happy. He __IS ARRIVING__ (arrive) on Saturday so I __AM GOING__ (go) to collect him from the station. After I collect him, we __ARE GOING__ (go) to that Mexican restaurant near the park. __DO YOU WANT__ (want?) to come with us? You can __TELEPHONE__ (telephone) me to tell me if you __WANT__ (want) to come or not. John __TELLS__ (tell) me that you __PASSED__ (pass) your Spanish exam last month. Congratulations. __WAS IT__ (be?) difficult? You __KNOW__ (know) that I __AM__ (be) terrible at languages but you are better. __ARE YOU GOING__ (go?) to visit Spain for your next holiday so you can __PRACTICE__ (practice) it? Please write to me soon with all your news, Mary. All the best Sara.

Dear Maria,

How are you? I am studying IN England. I have lessons for five HOURS a day. Newmarket is a nice town and its easy TO visit different places from here. Last night I WENT to the cinema to see an Australian film. I liked it VERY much.

Dear Mr. Jones

Thank you for your letter. Our next course starts In three weeks on Monday 9 May and it

costs £250. If you prefer to begin In June, we have another course then. I hope

there\this is the Information you want.

Yours. K.May

Dear Shane,

As you KHOW, a few days ago I invited you to visit me next week. I'm sorry BUT I need to delay it because there is my sister's birthday party THAT day. Could you COME here on 7th of May. See you soon, Robert

Dear sir

I read your advertisement for English courses in the newspaper. I would 1.like to have some more information. How 2 .much does a course cost and when does the next course start? Thank you Sam Jones Dear Mr. Jones Thank you for your letter. Our next course starts in three weeks, 3.on Monday 9 May and it costs £250. If you prefer 4. to begin in June, we have another course then. I hope 5 this is the information you want. Yours K May

Deserts exist in every continent of the world apart from Europe. A region can be called a desert if its AVERAGE annual rainfall is under 250 mm.  WHILE most deserts are hot, there are also cold deserts, such as Antarctica, a desert made almost completely of ice.
Deserts are often   THOUGHT  of as impossible places to live in, but they are actually home to a  WIDE range of plants and animals. With so LITTLE  rainfall, plants grow slowly and only flower on rare occasions.

Diamonds are forever

The word diamond' comes from the Greek word 'adamas', meaning 'unconquerable' and they have been a source of fascination for centuries. A diamond is a transparent gemstone consisting of carbon, 1) one of the earth's most common elements. It is well-known for 2) being the hardest substance, natural or synthetic, known to man. It is thousands of times harder than corundum, the next hardest substance from 3) which rubies and sapphires are formed. Even after many years 4) of constant wear, a diamond will preserve its sharp edges and corners when most other stones have become worn and chipped, maintaining its natural brilliance. However, many people suffer under the misconception that a diamond is

Different religions

From our earliest days, many people (1)  have. believed in a power or powers greater than themselves. This belief is known as religion. In ancient times, it was a way to (2)  make sense of the mysteries of the (3) natural world; evil spirits were thought to be responsible (4) for bad weather and disease, for instance. Ancient peoples felt that they had a measure of control over (5) their lives when they made offerings and prayed to friendly spirits, whom they believed could help them win battles or 6) growbetter crops.

Even today, when people know the scientific explanations for such things as thunder or the eruption of volcanoes, (7)  many look to religion to explain some of the other hard-to-understand things (8) which  we experience as humans things like the purpose of life or the reasons for tragedies. (9) Although most religions spring from the same basic human need to (10) believe in a great power or powers, the ideas, practices, and traditions that religions involve can be very different.

Dear gina,
 I get the bus tickets for the weekend  advance? I think the best bus to catch is the  at 10.45. I suggest  on Friday morning at 10.30 at  5. 
See you on Friday, Love, Chris

Dear pari,

I am (be) a university student. As it is holiday time now, I am working (work) in a hotel. At the end of every term I come (come) back to my home town and get (get) a job in this hotel to earn money.

This summer I am sharing (share) a room with another girl. It isnt (not/be) as comfortable as my parents house, but I prefer (prefer) it, because I dont want (not/want) to travel home late at night. So this year I am saving(save) more money and am getting (get) more sleep.

E

Eating your greens 1.much 2. Glistening 3. Diversity 4. Source 5. remaining

Elephants

When you think about the (1) features of an elephant do you think of their amazing trunks, beautiful ivory tusks, their large flapping ears, or just their immense size? As you (2) may already know, elephants are the largest land animals in the world today. (3) Eachpart of their anatomy is helpful to the elephant to survive in their environment. But it is the elephant's trunk that is the (4) most important to them.

(5) Because  their trunk has over 40,000 muscles, it allows the elephant to move their trunk in many different positions, and gives them the ability to grasp and to (6) pick up objects. Their trunks are also very strong. In (7) fact, they could uproot large trees from the ground if they needed to. The elephants also use their trunks to communicate (8) with, and for their sense of smell. Even though an elephant has a total of 24 sharp teeth, they only (9) put to use two or three of these teeth (10) at. the same time

F

Fashion

Throughout history people have worn clothing of one description or another. Apart from protection against the weather, clothes were also often used to show the wearers status and wealth. Over the years, numerous fashions in clothing have come and gone.wearer/ while some of these have been popular for relatively short periods, others have lasted longer.
Until the first half of the 20th century, the ability to follow fashion was limited to thhad the money to do so. But following fashion did not only demand money, it also required large amounts of leisure time. Wealthy people took fashion very seriously and close attention had to be paid to detail.

Food preservation

Keeping food for long periods of time was historically a huge problem. This proved especially crucial at/in times when agricultural production was severely limited by weather or crop failure. People commonly used ice to keep food fresh but, of course , ice itself melts relatively quickly. In 1859 an American , John Mason , invented a glass jar with a metal screw-on lid, creating a perfect seal and making it possible to preserve food that would previously not have remained edible. Masons jar Is still in is throughout the world. An even more successful method for keeping food by canning it in metal containers was perfected between 1870 and 1920 by Englishman Bryan Donkin. This preserved food beautifully, though the early iron cans were expensive, heavy and difficult to open. A breakthrough came in the 1880s with the development of lighter materials which also enabled mass production of cans.

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Getting involved in student life

It is important to remember that going to university or college is about so much more than just studying. There are a lot of ways to enjoy life socially too. Join a student society, for example. Joining societies is a great way of meeting lots of new people, making new friends and having fun. There is usually something for everyone. Being part of a sports team or just playing for pleasure is another good way of taking part in student life. So if you love sport, join a club. Not only will you have a brilliant time and meet lots of new people, its also a great way of keeping fit.

Hello Irena

Rome is fantastic. The weathers hot sunny at the time. Im staying at a wonderful hotel. Its the near the old part of the city. It has a swimming pool on the roof. When I am swimming I can see some old Roman buildings . Tomorrow Im going shopping. I want to buy some Italian coffee for my mother. I hope its not expensive because I dont have much money

Getting on Well at Work

Most people spend so much of their lives at work that it's [vital] to develop good relationships with those around them.

Humour is always a help. If you can laugh at yourself and with your colleagues, you'll be more than [halfway] there. Don't be upset by teasing; touchy people always get more than their [fair] share of people making fun of them because they are seen to be vulnerable. It's a hard world, and you have to be quite tough to [withstand] the pressures.

The best practical advice is to try hard to keep on top of the job. If you feel comfortable about this, you'll be less anxious and have more energy left to [devote] the crucial task of relating to others.

Going on a long walk

If you are going to go for a long walk in the country, you need to prepare\get ready well for it. First of all, you should get yourself a good map and plan the route clearly. You might be able to use your mobile phone to find your way but it may not always work, especially in the hills.

Make sure you check the weather before you leave. If it's going to get very cold, you need to take warm clothes with you. It's best not to go walking alone and you should always make sure you tell someone where you are going.

Graphology at work

Can your handwriting reveal anything at all concerning your character? Enough, perhaps, to decide whether you will get the job that you have applied FOR. Graphology, the science of analything handwriting is being used by recruitment personnel in growing number of companies. Business consultant Eleanor Sturgeon says Companies find it helpful but it all depends on both HOW much they know about graphology AND the way they use it. Sturgeon points out that handwriting analysis is only part of the recruitment process. If someone doesnt get a job, she says, it want be just BECAUSE of their handwriting. Almost certainly, they wouldnt HAVE got the job anyway.

Graffiti- is it art?

Graffiti began in the 1960s in New York City when someone started writing his signature or "tag" on as man surfaces as he could. Other young people copied him and soon there were designs and paintings on walls everywhere. Grafitti also takes the form of slogans whish put across the artists opinions about certain social and political issues. Graffiti is something you either love or hate. On the other hand, there are people who believe it is a form of artistic expression, and grafitti may even be found on display in famous art galleries. Grafitti is actually illegal and some countries try to deal with the problem by not allowing people under the age of 18 to buy spray paints. In other contries, the authorites provide special walls where people can practice graffiti. Whichever way you look at it graffiti is a popular form of expression.

Gutenberg

Before Gutenberg (1394 1468), all books had to be copied by hand. The so-called manuscripts of medieval times were laboriously hand-written, usually by monks (1) WHO/THAT... devoted years (2) TO... the work. Earlier attempts had been made to produce printing blocks. The designs on playing cards (3) FOR... example were carved from wooden blocks which were inked and then printed onto cards. There are even examples of whole pages in books being hand carved and printed. Gutenberg however came up with the idea of printing using, not whole page blocks, but letter blocks. (4 BECAUSE) ... he was a goldsmith (5) BY... trade, he knew how to mould metal into whatever shape was needed. He made thousands of tiny blocks of type, (6) . EACH.. with a letter raised on it, which could be lined up and clamped into position in a forme (page block). The type could be linked, paper laid on top, and the whole thing compressed by turning a handle. When released, the paper had the page printed on it. Years of work went into this invention. Gutenberg (7) .. HAD. to make the letters, develop an ink which would cling to metal (most didnt), build the forme, and above (8) . ALL .. find the money to do all this while not working as a goldsmith.

Guitar experience

It's inevitable that as artists become accomplished in their craft the knowledge and depth of understanding of the tools they use to create their art becomes accomplished as well. A painter knows he has several types of brushes to choose (1for. His experience (2) to taught him that certain brushes (3)for  produce specific strokes, producing the desired result on the canvas, enabling the vision in his head to become realized. In the world of guitar playing, (4) there is a wide array of tools (5) to a player can choose to create his or her art.

Becoming knowledgeable and experienced (6) to matching the right tool to facilitate your musical inspiration can be a long road that's sometimes filled with unexpected bumps and lessons learnt the hard way. (7) but, attaining that knowledge and experience can often prove the difference (8)to  satisfaction and disappointment; and in some cases, employment and unemployment. But how do you learn and under what conditions? From my observations, most players get information in one of two ways.

Graphology at work

Can your handwriting reveal anything at all concerning your character? Enough, perhaps, to decide whether you will get the job that you have applied FOR. Graphology, the science of analysing handwriting, is being used by recruitment personnel in a growing number of companies. Business consultant Eleanor Sturgeon says, 'Companies find it helpful but it all depends on both HOW much they know about graphology AND the way they use it.Sturgeon points out that handwriting analysis is only a part of the recruitment process. If someone doesn't get a job,' she says, it won't be just BECAUSE of their handwriting. Almost certainly, they wouldn't HAVE got the job anyway.

H

Hello Alastair,

I'm in Amsterdam, a beautiful city. I came  train from Den Haag. I'm staying in a lovely hotel  the sea. I would like  everything,  I only have  days. This afternoon I'll go to a gallery. Love Charlotte

, Alastair,

Hello Sergei

I am studying very hard at the moment. I find A lot of the subjects difficult, but THEY are all very interesting. I hope I can get a good job when I HAVE finished the course. I WOULD like to go and work IN another country because I enjoy travelling. Alice

Henry Davies

In 1948 businessman Henry Davies was reading a newspaper when he suddenly COME across an advertisement showing a house FOR sale overlooking a river. Davies was interested in sitting up a hotel, and this house seemed to be exactly WHAT he was looking for. Davies called his hotel The Riverside Hotel. He ran the hotel himself but he hired a top chief. Geoffrey Dawson, to do the cooking. The partnership lasted for almost 50 years. During THIS time, the hotel won several awards for the quality of its food. The Riverside Hotel has inspired many other hotel owners TO create similar hotels.

Hi Silvio,

There is GOING to be an extra swimming competition next week and not ENOUGH/MANY people in the team ARE free to do it. Jane WANTS you to swim in six races! Is that TOO much swimming for you? What do you think? Lars

Hi Jan,

Dad and I are having a lovely time on holiday here. We go to the beach every day and THERE is lots to do at the hotel in the evening. Last night, they had a dance. It was excellent! The hotel shop has some lovely leather handbags. I will by one FOR you tomorrow. Our flight will LEND/ARRIVE at the airport at 10.00 on Saturday evening so will not get home until midnight. I HAVE forgotten my front door key so dont go to bed early! SEE you soon. Love Mum and Dad

Hi Miguel

Do you remember that you BORROWED my tent three weeks ago? Can you give it BACK to me SOON, please? I need it before next Friday AS I'm going camping with SOME  friends. Thanks, Maria

 

Hi Helga

I wanted to tell you that I went to the seaside last Saturday with my friends. I was really glad they phoned me because I was feeling fed up and I was relieved to have something to do. But when we got to the sesiade I realized they where going tj the theme park and Ive always been scared of the big rides. I got a bit angry because they hadnt tol d me. But in the end they persuaded me to go with them. I could feel my heart beating faster and faster as I sat there waiting for the first ride to begin, but as soon as it started I forgot to feel anxious about it because it was such fun. When I got off, I was surprised to realize how much Id enjoyed it and I went on all the other rides to. You must come with me next time.

Hi Jean

I'm REALLY sorry but I won't be able to go to the circus with you today. I haven't finished my math project YET and it's DUE in tomorrow. How about GOING to the cinema next weekend instead? Saturday's best FOR me. Jim

Honey

Honey IS made by bees from the nectar that they collect from flowers. Its natural sweetener and can be used just AS it is to spread on bread or toast, or added to sweet and savory dishes. THERE are many different flavors of honey. Both flavor and color vary, depending ON the flowers the nectar was collected from and the production method used. Generally, THE darker the color, the stronger the flavor.

How would you like to visit a rainforest

How would you like to visit a rainforest, explore the bottom of an ocean and still be home in time for dinner? Well, if you live in Omaha, USA, you can! The Henry Doorly Zoo in Omaha is like no any /other zoo. There are lots of wild and endangered animals here but they live in an environmental exactly like their own. The zoo includes the worlds largest indoor rainforest, known as The Lied Jungle. You can cross rope bridges, walk through caves and admire wonderful waterfalls. Leopards and pythons move through the bushes, monkeys jump from tree to tree and birds fly Above your head. The zoo is home for /to Many species including bears, giraffes, deer, jaguars and pumas. Next to the Lied Jungle is the Kingdom of the Seas Aquarium. Here you can see penguins sliding off ice cliffs into The cold water below. Take a walk along the 25-metre glass tunnel which runs through a big tank, with a wide variety of fish swimming around you. The zoo is open every Day of the year except Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Years Day

Holidays

Whatever you do in tourism, you are likely to have a (1)one of contact (2)or other people. This can be both enjoyable (3)to  difficult. You will soon find (4)out  how often people behave unlike their usual selves while on holiday, or trying to arrange a holiday. (5)although they stay in their own country or go abroad, they want to get away from it all, they (6) are paying hard-earned money to relax from work, and they want value (7)for. money. They will also be in unfamiliar surroundings and unsure of themselves. When things go well their happiness is infectious - it is very rewarding helping (8) to and contributing to the enjoyment of their holiday. When things go badly, clients blame the hotel staff or tour operator's representative, even if it isn't their fault. You've just got to keep calm and keep smiling when people are shouting at you.

History from the sea.

An ancient ship has been discovered beneath the waters of the Mediterranean. The ship, which sank off the coast of Tunisia more than 2,300 years ago, is already giving historians fresh insights into trade and diet in the ancient world. The remains of the ship were found last August on the final day of an expedition undertaken by American scientist Robin Asquith. Three of his team who,were using a miniature submarine to explore the seabed, spotted rows of storage jars and some rotted wood. One of the jars was brought to the surface by a diver, and inside it the scientists found bones belonging to freshwater fish, and some olive stones. After examining the contents and design of the jar and other evidence, De Asquith concluded that the ship had been following a trade route when one sank, probably in a storm. He intends to return to the site of the shipwreck, 32 km from the coast, so that he can conduct further investigations. He hopes to excavate making use of a new robot that uses sound to make a computer plan of the wreck, and in this way create an accurate picture of what the ship looked like

J

John Ruskin 1

In the nineteenth century, John Ruskin, an English writer and art critic, made great efforts to encourage people to draw, believing that this was a much-neglected skill. As well as giving lectures, he published two books on drawing, which were [widely] read. Ruskin's efforts were not I [aimed] at turning people into good artists but at making them happier. He felt that, when we are involved in the process of drawing something, we become more aware of the different parts which [make] up the whole.

It is in this way that we [come] to a deeper appreciation and [understanding] of the thing itself.

John Ruskin (1)

In the nineteenth century, John Ruskin, an English writer and art critic, made great efforts to encourage people to draw. He believed that drawing was a skill that was greatly neglected in schools and 1) claimed that it was even more important to the human race than writing. In order to improve the 2) situation he gave a series of lectures at the Working Mens College in London. These lectures 3) attracted large audiences, which further 4) strengthened Ruskins belief that everybody should have the opportunity to learn how to draw.

For Ruskin, drawing was of value even when done by people with no talent. He felt that, when we are involved in the process of drawing something, we have to look at it very 5) closely which leads to a deeper appreciation of the thing itself.

John Ruskin 2 1.claimed 2. Situation 3 attracted 4. Strengthened 5. closely

John Ruskin (2)

In the nineteenth century, John Ruskin, an English writer and art critic, made great efforts to encourage people to draw, believing that this was a much- neglected skill. As well as giving lectures, he published two books on drawing, which 1) widely read. Ruskins efforts were not 2) amied at turning people into good artists but at making them happier. He felt that when we are involved in the process of drawing something, we become aware of the different parts which 3) make up the whole. It is in this way that we 4) come to a deeper appreciation and 5) understanding of the thing itself.

Journey to the lost city

The four-hour rail journey to Machu Picchu is nothing short of spectacular. On either side of the tracts you will see steep mountains towering above. As the outlines of the ancient site loom out of the mist you will catch your first glimpse of the silent ruins of the lost city which stand on a high ridge with a great view of the Andes Mountains. On opposite sides of the ruins you will be able to look straight down at different river vallevs .You can follow an ancient stone road which leaves the site to climb to a gap known as the Gate of the Sun.

Although the climb is exhausting the astonishing scenery makes for an unforgettable experience.Even though the Incas left few clues behind when they abandoned Machu Picchu some 500years ago its believed to have been one of the homes of the royal family. A walking tour of the site will take you about four and a half hours but the experience will be well worth the effort.

Juggling 1

Juggling involves throwing a number of objects up into the air and catching them again. Probably the greatest juggler was Enrico Rastelli, who was born in Sineria in 1896. Although Rastelli spent some of his early years in Italy, it WAS in Russia that he acquired his jugging skills. He was able to juggle AS many as eight balls at the same time. However, WHAT made him a genius was his perfect style, rather THEN the number of objects he could juggle. One of his specialties was throwing a ball into the air, and then catching IT on a stick held in his mouth, a practice later copied by other jugglers.

Juggling 2

Juggling involves throwing a number of objects up into the air and catching them WITHOUT dropping a single one. Probably the greatest juggier the world has ever known was Enrico Rastelli, who was born in 1896. He started using rubber balls MADE of the cotton balls that were IN use at the time. These rubber balls are now standard. It was Rastelli, too, who began the now commonly seen practice OF throwing a ball into the air, and then catching the ball on a stick held in his mouth. The degree of control shown BY Enrico Rastelli has never been equaled. Everyone agreed that his performances were truly astonishing.

K

Keep yourself motivated to study 1 study. 2.would 3. Really 4. Make 5.everything

Keep on learning

It doesnt matter if/ whether you are still at school or in Full-time employment, making the effort to learn new things is very important. Most of us have a few subjects on which we focus. These may be associated with our study or job, or sometimes ahobby. Although it is obviously important to develop a deep understanding of what matters to us most, it is equally worthwhile to extend our range of knowledge beyond what we are familiar with,and that is thue at any age. So the best advice is to find the time to take on new challenges and learn new skills outside the areas where we feel most comfortable. People often choose subjects such as new languages, computer skills, or painting. If you cant get to a class, then you can go online. Online courses can easily be found , and learning online means you put in as much time as you want each day.

Keeping Kitten Healthy

A healthy kitten doesn't just happen. As the (1) owner you need to be proactive, because your kitty can't (2)  tell you when she feels sick. You should start as (3) soon as you bring her home - may be even before. Take the kitten to get checked (4) out within the first week (5) at  home; or before you bring her home if you have other cats.

You need to play voyeur when your kitten poops and pees, feel for lumps and bumps (6) during her monthly exam, and watch for signs she's just under the (7) weather . Take her to the vet annually and keep her current on her vaccinations. One of the most important decisions you can (8) make about your kitten's future is whether to have him (or her) fixed. Just a simple snip as early as eight weeks old can mean the difference between your boy cat peeing on the wall or properly in the litter box.

Kingston

Overwhelming and fascinating in equal (1) MEASURE ?, Kingston is quite unlike anywhere else in the Caribbean. (2) GIVEN ? its troubled reputation, it's hardly surprising that few tourists visit, and while the scare stories are absurdly exaggerated, Kingston is certainly not a place for the faint-hearted. In the 1950's, Ian Fleming called it a "tough city", and that still (3) HOLDS ? true today. Jamaica's capital is rough and (4) . READY ?, a little uncompromising, but always exciting and absorbing. With just under 600,00 residents, Kingston (5) SEETHES? with life, noise and activity, and if you venture downtown, you'll see the (6) ROUGH, ? edges. Nonetheless, the capital offers a look at a side of Jamaica that couldn't be more different from the resorts. As well as being the seat of government and the island's administrative centre, Kingston is Jamaica's cultural heart, the city that spawned Bob Marley, Buju Banton, Beenie Man and countless other reggae stars. If you do decide to visit and it's well worth the effort for anyone with even a (7) . PASSING ? interest in Jamaican culture you'll find that not only is it easy to steer clear (8) OF ? the troubled areas, but that there's little of the persistent harassment that bedevils parts of the north coast.

L

Light pollution

Light pollution occurs when powerful electric lights around us stop us seeing the stars in the night sky. Amazingly, many children growing up in big cities today HAVE never seen the night sky properly because of the increase in light pollution. And it is NOT only in cities people living in the country are also affected BY lights from nearby towns. It is a problem for those simply trying to enjoy the stars, and for serious astronomers AS well. However, one university in the UK has come up WITH an interesting solution. It has built a telescope in the Canary Islands and allows schools to use this via the internet.

London parks

London is famous 1. for its parks and gardens. Some of them belong to the Crown 2.but they are all open to the public and the entrance is free of charge. In St James's Park you can watch and 3.feed swans, ducks, geese and other water birds. Hyde Park 4used to be a hunting ground and is still popular with horse riders. Those 5..who like a good argument should go to the Speakers' Corner to listen to individuals (6) giving... their speeches on various subjects. Regent's Park now houses London Zoo and open-air theatre where Shakespeare's plays are staged 7. in. summer. Not 8. all the parks are in the city centre. Greenwich and Richmond are located in the suburbs. All these areas of green give the city dwellers an excellent 9.chance to enjoy some peace and quiet 10. away from traffic and crowded streets.

Luxemburg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy headed by Grand Duke Henri of the House of Nassau. Economically, the (1) STRENGTH of its banking and (2) FINANCIAL institutions has attracted more than 200 foreign banks, including the headquarters of the European Investment Bank. The 480,000 (3) RESIDENTS .have among the highest income levels per capita of any country in the world. Agriculture is still (4) IMPORTANT ... . Around half of the total land area is farmed, though less than 5% of Luxembourgers now live and work on farms. Despite problems caused by overproduction of European wines in general, the vineyards are still (5) COMPETITIVE. And the enchanting Luxembourg countryside, (6) PARTICULARLY its northern reaches in the Ardennes, is a popular holiday destination for Luxembourgers and (7) VISITORS from neighbouring countries. Having played a key role in establishing the institutions that evolved into the European Union, Luxembourg today hosts the secretariat of the European Parliament. In such a small country, with bigger neighbours on its doorstep, Luxembourgers have a distinctive individuality that even extends to the (8) . NATIONAL.language, Letzebuergesch, which is vaguely related to both French and German, yet quite different from both.

M

I get up [at] 6:30 in the morning. I always run in the park. Then I [have] breakfast. I drink a [glass] of orange juice and eat some bread. I work in a hotel. I [can] walk there because its near my flat. After work, I go to the gym for two [hours]. I always go to bed early.

My wife Penny and recovering from weekend visitors

My wife Penny and I are recovering from weekend visitors. Don't misunderstand me we enjoy company and love to (1) host  our friends and relatives. But not this time. Fred and Kate were old friends from our college (2) days. So you would think we would have a fairly (3) good idea what sort of people they were, even though we hadn't seen them for (4) several  years. We soon discovered, unfortunately, that our lives had (5) taken very different directions. Penny and I have two small children. Delightful but (6) tiring, they dictate the style of our life. (7) Like many other young couples, we find weekends are a matter of trying to snatch a few moments of relaxation in between catching up with all the (8) housework Kate and Fred (9) earn more money than us, they work longer hours, and they (10) expect  their leisure time to be just that, leisure. The (11) most tiring thing Fred does on a Sunday is to walk up the road to the (12) local newsagent. To be (13) fair Kate wasn't as bad as Fred. But she wasn't much better. By the time they left, Penny and I were exhausted. We'd cooked, served and cleared up six meals without a (14) single offer of help. We didn't know whether to laugh or cry. Luckily, we (15) managed to laugh.

Milena carvalho

I already did the exercise, but I would like someone to tell me if it is correct or not. Thanks. The homing instinct is what makes certain animals, birds and fish return (1) .To the place they consider home. Cats often have this instinct. It was particularly strong in an American cat called Ninja, which disappeared shortly (2).WHEN its owners had taken it to their new home; a year later the cat turned up at its old home even (3).THOUGHT this was 1,360 kilometres away from (4)WHERE its owners were living now. Other cats now not travel so far but many (5)GET on going back to their old home. Pilsbury, an English cat, made a 13-kilometre journey back to its former home 40 times in spite of having to cross several busy roads to (6)DO so. Pigeons also have the homing instinct and, ever (7)THAT ancient time, human beings have used them to carry messages back home. However, cat onwers, (8).WILL have to keep returning to their old adress in (9).ORDER to bring their cat home, tend to find the horming instinct simply irritating rather than useful or interesting.

Moving pictures

Moving pictures were invented by the brothers Louis and Auguste Lumiere at the end of the 19th century. Movies very QUICKLY became popular all over the world. In 1907 the first studios were built in DISTRICT of Los Angeles called Hollywood. It was the perfect place, close to many kinds of natural scenery. BY the 1920s, Hollywood was the central of the world film INDUSTRIA. To begin with, the movies had no sound. Words Applied on screen from time to time to explain the story.

Messages from the stone age

The pre-histonc Chauvet cave paintings in France are an incredible(O)sight. They are over three metres high and are painted in (1) BRIGHT colours. The paintings were(2) PRODUCED in a period around 30,000 years ago, when early humans first started to create rock art and various (3) EXAMPLES of this have been found in caves in Western Europe. Very few people have(4) ACTUALLY seen the Chauvet paintings because they are located (5) DEEP inside an inaccessible underground cave system. But those that have say that they are very impressive, showing animals(6) SUCH AS horses, rhinos and cows, and that the artwork is good enough to(7) RIVAL modem compositions. When they saw such spectacular beauty, however, the first scientists to(8) REACH the Chauvet paintings missed some other important(9) DETAILS The walls of the cave are also marked with a series of lines and symbols, that were initially (10) REGARDED as insignificant. The latest research has shown that, on the(11) CONTRARY these marks form a sort of code and may represent humankinds

first steps towards the development of writing. The oldest example of writing discovered before this was only 5,000 years old. The new research at Chauvet is (12) CAUSING people to rethink their ideas about when written communication first started.

Mount Fuji

For the Japanese Mount Fuji has long been the ultimate ----- of beauty. It is incredibly beautiful when see from any angle at all times of day and in any season. But the mountains does not only play a major part in the landscape-it has also inspired poets and artists for centuries and has come to be identified with Japan itself. From the top the sides of the mountain slope away then flatten out before reaching the ground. Here at ground level the foot of the mountain forms an almost perfect circle.

To the north of Mount Fuji lie the famous Five Lakes. The lakeside area I a sea of colour in spring when the fruit trees are flowering and it is also a stunning sight in autumn when the leaves turn first brilliant red then many shades of brown. Indeed many of the best views of Mount Fuji are from these lakes whose still waters reflect the mountains beautifully symmetrical outline like a mirror. Both Mount Fuji and lakes are volcanic in origin and that is probably why traditional stories say that Mount Fuji appered overnight and for the same reason it may one day vanish just as suddenly.

Moving pictures were

Moving pictures were invented by the brothers Louis and Auguste Lumiere at the end of the 19th century. Movies very quickly became popular all over the world. In 1937 the first studios were built in a district of Los Angeles called Hollywood. It was the perfect place, close to many kinds of natural scenery . BY the 1920s. Hollywood was the center of the world film industry. To begin with, the movies had no sound. Words appeared on screen from time to time to explain the story.

My day

I get up AT 6:30 in the morning. I always run in the park. Then I HAVE breakfast. I drink a GLASS of orange juice and eat some bread. I work in a hotel. I CAN walk there because its near my flat. After work, I go to the gym for two HOURS. I always go to bed early.

 

N

New York city

New York city has (0) grown into the second largest city in North America. It is now a major business, cultural and shopping centre (1) attracting millions of visitors each year. Most tourists stay in the (2 )__ heart of the city, in Manhattan. It is easy to see the sights of Manhattan on foot or you can take a tourbus. There are cycle ( 3 ) lanes in the city if you want to hire a bicycle but you need to be brave! The subway is the quickest means of public transport but you will want to avoid the (4 ) rush hour. And, of course, there are the famous yellow taxis. There are few taxi (5 ) stations just wave your arm at a taxi with its light on. You will certainly want to visit Central Park, a huge open (6 )__ space ___ which is ideal for relaxing on a hot summer day

Nursery

The nursery industry is literally a growing industry. It produces billions of plants every year, making (1) . OUTSTANDING.. contributions to the forestry, vegetable, fruit, landscape, cut flower and parks industries. There will always be a demand for plants and, in turn, there will be a need for nurseries. Throughout the world, nurseries come in all types and sizes. Many are small family businesses, sometimes just a small hobby business to (2) . SUPPLEMENT.. the family's normal source of income. At the other end of the scale are large (3) .. MERCENARY. enterprises that employ dozens of people and grow millions of plants. No matter what size, a nursery always needs good management if it is to be (4) FINANCIAL... viable. This aims to show how to make a difference to the financial viability of any nursery (5) , IRRESPECTIVE... of size and type. Nursery (6) ACCREDITATION... schemes are an important new development in both the production and retail sectors. The schemes operate in many countries, with the aim of raising the status and (7) PROFESSIONALISM... of the nursery industry. The programs differ in their (8) TECHNOLOGICAL... focus and assessment procedures.

O

Oldest big cat fossil found in Tibet

Scientists have identified a new big cat fossil. Found in the foothills of the Himalayas, the fragments are considered to be the oldest ones ever unearthed and have been dated [between] 4.1 and 5.95 million years old. Their discovery in Tibet supports the theory [that] asserts big cats evolved in central Asia-not Africa- and spread.

this is a very significant finding as it gives us a great insight into [what] early big cats may have looked like and where they may have lived, reported Dr Tseng who led the 2010 expedition. Scientists used both anatomical and DNA data [to] determine that the sculls belonged to an extinct big cat, whose territory appears to overlap many of the species we know today.

The DNA evidence suggests they diverged [from] their cousins the Felinae-which includes cougars, lynxes and domestic cats- about 6/37 million years ago.

Old skills : new products

If ancient skills which have been (0) handed down from generation to generation are going to survive , then we must find new uses for them. A good example is the cloth (1) known as Harris tweed , which is produced on an island off the northwest coast of Scotland. A few years ago , there was only one full-time weaver of the cloth left on the island . It was all that (2) remained of an industry that once employed a large (3) number of local people.

But local producers are now providing material for use in a (4) range of fashionable handbags, hats and furnishings. This (5) change in the fortunes of the industry all started way (6) back in 2004, when a sample of Harris tweed was sent to Nike , the sportswear manufacturer. The company decided to use the material on a trainer called 'The Terminator' to demonstrate how (7) effectivety a traditional material can be incorporated into a modern product. This (8) led to a large order for cloth , which involved lots of people on the island rediscovering the ancient skill of weaving.

Online Oder Confirmation 1. Placed 2. Keen 3.reason 4. Done 5. follow

P

Pablo Picasso was born

Pablo Picasso was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain, the son of an artist, Jose Ruiz, and Maria Picasso. He took surname, which\that was more unusual than his father's. Picasso's career as an artist lasted for 75 years. Many people think that he changed modem art more than any other artist of his time Picasso died in France in 1973.

Preserving food 1.hoarding 2. Instinct 3. Preoccupied 4.apart 5.overloads

Pelicans

Pelicans are remarkable birds. They have large pouches underneath their beaks which hold UP to three times as much as their stomachs, although they do not store their catch there. Brown pelicans are the smallest of species, EVEN if they do have an impressive wingspan of 2.3 metres. In fact, pelicans flight is surprisingly graceful FOR birds that waddle clumsily on foot. UNLIKE other birds, which tend to form a V-shape when they fly in a group, pelicans usually fly one behind the other. In the past, many pelicans were affected by oil spills and by pesticides. Numbers have now started to rise again, but same species of pelicans are STILL at risk.

Perseverance

Success often depends on a crucial quality:perseverance,the ability to keep going in adverse circumstances- with a cheerful countenance if at all possible.

It is said that perseverance is a good trait unless it is applied to inappropriate aims. This places the emphasis on knowing which aims are appropriate ones. Some might say that an individual with absolutely no musical ability who perseveresin his endeavors to master the violin is abviously on the wrong track. But everyone else might reply that any worthy aim, for hovewer playing the violin, dignifies the struggle to achieve it.

Piano competition

The international Piano Competition is from 25 February to 5 March this year , and it is even bigger than last year. Over 50 piano players from all over the world are going to come this year. They will all have to play three times. The person who wins will get 10000. There will be a concert on the last night of the competition. Books your tickets on our website!

The homing instinct is what makes certain animals, birds and fish return (1).TO the place they consider home. Cats often have this instinct. It was particularly strong in an American cat called Ninja, which disappeared shortly (2)after its owners had taken it to their new home; a year later the cat turned up at its old home even (3)THOUGHT this was 1,360 kilometres away from (4) WHERE its owners were living now. Other cats now not travel so far but many (5)carryon going back to their old home. Pilsbury, an English cat, made a 13-kilometre journey back to its former home 40 times in spite of having to cross several busy roads to (6).DO so. Pigeons also have the homing instinct and, ever (7)sinceancient time, human beings have used them to carry messages back home. However, cat onwers, (8)who have to keep returning to their old adress in (9)ORDERto bring their cat home, tend to find the horming instinct simply irritating rather than useful or interesting.

Piano competition

The international competition is from 25 February to 5 March this year, and it is even bigger THAN last year. Over 50 piano players from all over THE world are going to come this year. They will all have TO play three times. The person WHO wins will get 10000. There will BE a concert on the last night of the competition. Books your tickets on our website!

Prepositions

The whole class was really enthusiastic about the trip to Disneyland Paris.2. Anne has really put a lot of effort into planning this holiday, so she hopes she will have a really good time. 3. The management always puts special emphasis on the comfort of its guests. 4. On the day of the sale, crowds of people gathered before the shop opened, all eager for a bargain. 5 Are you familiar with this part of town? 6.San Francisco is famous for its magnificent Golden Gate Bridge. 7.All of our agents are experienced in all aspects of the business. 8.Lets speak to Jeff. Hes an expert in travel in Asia

Pygmy Three-toed Sloth 1.by 2.which 3.of 4. Gives 5.from

R

Radio Days.

In the 1900s, people were keen to (1) ___ about new ideas and inventions, but perhaps the most popular and amazing idea of that decade was the radio. The first demonstration of the radio took (2) PLACE on Christmas Eve, 1906. On this day, wireless operators on ships off the cost of the USA became the worlds first radio audience. The Morse code they were (3) OF to was suddenly interrupted by the sound of a voice coming (4) AUDIENCE their headphones. They heard someone telling the story of Christmas and a violin playing Silent Night. The voice (5) LISTENING them a merry Christmas and then the Morse code started again. .. voice WISHED; radio SINCE; HOWEVER,after; THESE days

Restaurant Prize

We would like to thank all the people who chose us as their favourite restaurant In the local Midboume newspaper competition. We were very happy to win the prize for most original menu. More than two hundred customers visited us last week, and we were full every night. Next week there will be several new dishes on the menu. Come and visit-we are the best place to eat In Mldboume!

Riverside Hotel

The Riverside Hotel has had a reputation for excellent food ever 1) since the day it opened in 1949. It was started by a businessman called Henry Davies, who saw an advertisement for a house overlooking a river. He had been thinking of converting a family home 2) into a hotel, and this house seemed perfect.

Davies 3) was soon running the hotel himself, but hired a top chef, Geoffrey Dawson. Within six months, the restaurant was 4) being heavily booked that Davies had to take on new staff. The hotel won several awards for the quality of its food. The present owner, Sally Rutland, has personally trained 5) a number of chefs who have gone on to become famous.

Running a marathon

 So you want to run a marathon? There is no doubt that running 42 kilometress is a great achievement. Many training plans involve running four times a week for at least three month, and sometimes longer. Experts strongly recommend tht you should get used to running long distances gradually. If you dont , it can increase the chances of picking up an injury. It is generally thought that runners should initially go on fairly relaxced training runs. The pace should be gentle anough to allow you to have a conversatijn with someone running alongside you. Dont make the mistake of eating too little before the race , or you will rapidly run out of energy. But neither shoul you eat a large meal / It goes without sayingthat choosing the right footwear is also essential. Whatever you do , avoid clothes made 0f cotton and go for artificial materials , or even some types of wool such as merino. Choose clothing made of of cotton and go for artificial materials, or even some types of wool such as merino. Choose clothing that will be comfortable

S

Saying Goodbye to the Rat Race

A recent study has shown that people in Great Britain work harder than 1) anyone else in Europe with an average working week of 44 hours. However, more and more Britons are deciding to 2) leave the rat race in favour of a 3) much simpler life.

Research shows that many people are not happy in their jobs and do not enjoy the work they do. One in fourteen British workers have already given 4) up high power jobs in order 5) to take less stressful ones, and more than half a million workers will 6) link them in the next three years.

Why are so many people searching 7) of the simple life all of a 8) moment? Well, it seems that the pressures of work are greater than ever 9) still, and people are beginning to value free time more than a 10) long salary.

Shanghai seasons

The great Chinese city of Shanghai has a generally much warmer climate than the capital Beijing, which is much farther/furher north. If the summers are much hotter and more humid than visitors expect, this is hardly surprising given that Shanghai is next to the sea and it lies as far south as parts of Mexico, or the Sahara Desert in Africa. Spring and autumn, though, are much more pleasant , with warm temperatures and blue skies. Also the violent thunderstorms that often occur in summer are , fortunately, much more common after September and before mid-June. Winter is perhaps not as warm as one might like , although it snows much more often than in the colder interior of the country

Skateboard No one knows

No one knows who made the first skateboard; it seems that several people came up with similar ideas purposes at around the same time. These first skateboards started with wooden boxes or boards with roller skate wheels fixed to the bottom. The earliest manufactured skateboards were used by surfers in their downtime; when an enterprising surf shop owner made a deal\bargain with a roller skate company to construct equipment from sets of roller skate wheels and square wooden boards. By the 1960s surfing manufacturers in Southern California were building surfboards on a large scale\number and hiring teams of skateboarders to adventise\display\show their products in sports grounds and parks.

Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument on an area of land called Salisbury Plain - about seven miles north of the town of Salisbury in England. Stonehenge consists of a series of stone settings arranged in a circle and is considered one of the most complex stone circles in the world. Built as a religious temple, Stonehenge was first recorded by John Aubrey in the 17th century, although excavation of the site did not begin until 1919. Research has shown that there were three main periods of construct. .ion, beginning around 1800 BC and finishing in the 15th century BC, when Stonehenge was completely reconstructed. The fact that the monument is so large implies that many people must have worked together in a team to help build it. There has always been controversy over the exact function of Stonehenge. Although there is no doubt that it had religious importance, it was also known to have a special significance with regard to the sun. Records show that the site was used as a place of worship during the summer months and especially on June 21st , the longest day of the year. Today, Stonehenge is a major tourist attraction and is still believed to have a spiritual force, even to this day

Stop the Invaders

Even if you take good (1) care of your body, you can still get sick sometimes. Germs can invade even a healthy body! Getting sick can make you feel miserable, but (2) there are some things that you can do to help yourself get better quickly and be more comfortable. (3). The first thing to do when you are not feeling well is to (4) letyour parents know.

Sometimes it is hard to tell whether you have a cold, the flu, or something more serious. So your parents may take you to the doctor. Your doctor can (5) do tests that will let you know (6) what is making you sick. You may be sick (7) because of bacteria. Strep throat is an (8) example of an illness caused by bacteria. If bacteria has made you sick, your doctor (9) will give you antibiotics. Antibiotics are medicines that are designed to help your body get rid (10) of. the bacteria that is making you sick.

T

The ancient Roman City of Ostia

The Roman city of Ostia took its name from the Latin ostium, meaning river mouth. According to texts from writer and poet Ennius, from historian Titus Levy, from the writer Cicero - to mention but a [few] scholars of Roman civilization - Ostia was founded around eight thousand years ago by Ancus Martius, the fourth king of Rome. The king was desperate to assure an outlet for the military and commercial expansion of Rome, [which] at that time was still relatively small. After conquering the coastal populations standing in the way of this project, Ancus Martius [had] a citadel built near the mouth of the river. His soldiers were thus ideally located when it [came] to controlling navigation on the river Tiber. It is known that the design of the citadel [must] have been modified later, since the ruins of Ostia today contain hardly any original structures.

The badger

The Badger's legs are so short, that its belly seems to touch the ground ; this, however, is but a deceitful appearance, as it is caused by the length of the hair, which is very long all (1) OVER. the body, and makes it seem much more bulky than it really is. It is a solitary, stupid animal, that finds refuge remote (2) FROM man, and digs itself a deep hole with great assiduity. It seems to avoid the light, and seldom quits its retreat by day, only stealing (3). OUT.. at night to find subsistence.

It burrows in the ground very easily, its legs (4) BEING short and strong, and its claws stiff and horny. As it continues to bury itself, it throws the earth behind it, to a great distance, and thus forms to itself a winding hole, at the bottom of (5) WHICH  it remains in safety. As the fox is not (6) SO expert at digging into the earth, it often (7) TAKES possession of that which has been quitted by the badger, and some say, forces it from its retreat, by laying its excrements (8) AT  the mouth of the badger's hole.

The Café 1. Filled 2. Feeling 3. Date 4. Offers 5. Shines

The Island of St Kilda 1.what.2. its 3.one 4.all 5.being

The hot river

Deep in the Amazon jungle there's an amazing natural phenomenon: a river so hot it almost boils. How on [Earth] is that possible? It's all down to a series of hot springs that heat up water flowing into the river. It's the only river [of] its kind anywhere in the world. Of course, hot springs are not unique to this area they [can] be found all over the world. They normally occur where there are volcanoes, yet there are none anywhere near this river.

Locals have, on occasion, [been] known to swim in the river, but only after heavy rain has reduced the temperature considerably. More often than [that], the river is used simply for making tea and cooking.

The River Amazon

Although the River Amazon is not as long as the River Nile, it carries much more water. Starting high in the Andes mountains of Peru, the river [passes] through the rainforest of Brazil. On its long journey towards the Atlantic Ocean, it increases in size as it [is] fed by thousands of smaller rivers such as the River Negro, which [joins] the Amazon near the city of Manaus.

By the time the Amazon [gets/reaches?] the sea, it is very wide. Every second, it pours 200.000 cubic metres of water into the ocean. This is the same [amount] of water that is held by a hundred Olympic-sized swimming pools.

The cognitive benefits of video games

Video games are a controversial topic these days. Do popular games cater enough to a female audience or if there such a thing as video game addiction? Yet, in spite of all of the negative perceptions and criticisms of video games, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting their benefits as well. A study published this past September suggests that playing Tetris can make your brain more efficient. Some medical education programs are supplementing training with Second Life sessions. And, most recently, a review of previous research on video games published in Current Directions in Psychological Science finds that regularly playing video games not only improves your skill at those particular games, but may also improve your reaction time and accuracy on real-life tasks.The findings of the review contradict the belief that while regular gamers can get faster at certain games, they lose accuracyor become trigger happyin the process. Not so, say re some researchers. In tests in which participants were instructed to view a monitor and respond when an object appeared in the target area, but ignore objects that appeared outside of the target area, gamers proved to be faster, but not more impulsive, than non-gamers.Researchers say that these findings indicate the benefits of certain video games for improving cognitive processing and accuracy, and may indicate practical applications for video game playto close the gender gap sometimes seen in certain aspects of visual and spatial processing, or to slow the cognitive aging process in older people, for example. To close the gender gap sometimes seen in certain aspects of visual and spatial processing, or to slow the cognitive aging process in older people.

The Concept of Evolution

Charles Darwin did not invent the concept of evolution. When he was a student in Edinburgh in the late 1820's, evolution was already the (1) TALK ... ? of the town. But evolution was rejected by the establishment. Those who (2) ADHERED... ? to evolutionary thinking were called Lamarckists, after the French scientist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, who was the first to propose that species are not static, but change over time and give (3) RISE... ? to new species. Lamarck had offered this (4) PERSPECTIVE... ? in a book published in 1809. He did not, however, propose a correct mechanism for (5) HOW... ? species change into each other. The mechanism was discovered first by Charles Darwin and independently by Alfred Russel Wallace. From reading the economist Thomas Malthus, Darwin was aware of the consequences of (6) . EXPONENTIALLY.. ? growing populations. Once resources become limiting only a (7) FRACTION... ? of individuals can survive. Darwin was also an (8) ARDENT... ? observer of animal breeders. He analysed their methods and studied their results. Slowly he understood that nature like a gigantic breeder.

THE FIRST WOMAN SCIENTIST

Hypanthia was born in Alexandria, in Egypt, in 370 A.D. For many centuries she was (1) the only woman scientist to have a place in the history books. Hypatias father was director of Alexandria University, and he (2) made sure his daughter had the best education available. This was unusual, as most women then had few (3) opportunities to study. After studying in Athens and Rome, Hypatia returned to Alexandria (4) where she began teaching mathematics. She soon became famous (5) for her knowledge of new ideas. We have no copies of her books, (6) because we know that she wrote several important mathematical works. Hypatia was also interested in technology and (7) invented several scientific tools to help with her work. At the (8) time many rulers were afraid of science, and (9) anyone connected with it was in danger. One day in March 415, Hypatia (10) was attacked in the street and killed.

The Giant Panda

The giant panda is a beloved animal in China. It is regarded (1) as a national (2) treasure. It is found mostly in southwestern China in Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces. The giant panda is part of the bear family. It has a white coat with black trimmings around its eyes and on its ears, arms, and legs. Adult pandas can be 5 feet (1.5 meters) long and weigh (3) up to 330 pounds (150 kilograms). The giant panda leads a (4) solitary life, except during the mating season.

It lives in bamboo forests (5) in  the mountains. It can climb trees but lives mainly on the ground. (6) Unlike most bears, the giant panda does not hibernate. It moves to low-lying areas during the winter in search (7) of warmer temperatures. The giant panda has a mainly (8)  vegetarian diet, eating mostly bamboo shoots and leaves. It also eats insects and small rodents. Giant panda breeding groups are small and isolated from one another.

The Greyhound.

The greyhound is a majestic looking dog with a long neck and head, and small ears. The coat of the greyhound is short and smooth and they come in a variety of colours including black, red, and white. They have long and powerful legs and small and compact feet that help them move fast. In fact, they are the fastest dogs around. Young healthy greyhounds CAN run up to 72 km per hour. They are also very easy to keep because they are very clean and do not require MUCH grooming. They usually live for ABOUT 15 years or sometims. In the past greyhonds WERE trained to hunt and were very good hunting dogs. They havent give UP hunting but nowadays they also have another purpose. Greyhounds have BEEN trained BY professionals for many years to run races, and MANY people go to the racetracks to watch them run. They had a lot of money for their owners.

The homing instinct

The homing instinct is what makes certain animals, birds and fish return (1) TO the place they consider home. Cats often have this instinct. It was particularly strong in an American cat called Ninja, which disappeared shortly (2)after its owners had taken it to their new home; a year later the cat turned up at its old home even (3)though this was 1,360 kilometres away from (4)..... WHERE..... its owners were living now. Other cats now not travel so far but many (5) keep. on going back to their old home. Pilsbury, an English cat, made a 13-kilometre journey back to its former home 40 times in spite of having to cross several busy roads to (6)DO so.
Pigeons also have the homing instinct and, ever (7).since ancient time, human beings have used them to carry messages back home. However, cat onwers, (8)who have to keep returning to their old adress in (9)ORDER to bring their cat home, tend to find the horming instinct simply irritating rather than useful or interesting.

The importance of friendship

It is undeniable that friendship is important for just about everyone. Individuals with several close friends are usually happier than those without . Good friends often know things that family members may not be aware of,even though they have lived together for years. This is probably because when in the company of a good friend we share our secrets and dreams. Friends turn to one another for suggestions on how to solve their problems. There is tendency for close friends to be very honest, sometimes saying things the other person may not want to hear. Good friends stick together , and the best relationships me last a lifetime. It is no surprise that most friends have similar personalities, which reduces the rick of conflict. Howover, people dont always have an accurate picture of whotheir true friends are. Research shows that in a surprising number of cases a person someone considers a good friend doesnt feel the same about them.

The importance of physical activity

The pace of modern life is fast, and most people have busy and demanding lives. So eating a balanced diet and doing physical activity can make a big difference to overall health. Although we are allawareof how important exercise is for us from your brains to your bones many people spend far too little time exercising. The good news is that it is easier than you may think to fit physical activity into your day because you can do it at any time and whereversuits you. Remember that your feet were made for walking, so use them when you get the chance. Walk around town. Ignore lifts and escalators and build up your leg muscles by climbing stairs. Next, get out and play. Kicking a ball about is fun, and it is also a great way to spend time together as a family. Finally, try doing two things at once! While you talk on the phone or watch television, stretch, lift weights or do household chores.

The Island of St Kilda

We were entering our sixth hour at sea, sailing west onto the Atlantic from the Scottish mainland when we finally saw St Kilda. I knew the Island was  a volcanic stone outcrop in the middle of the ocean but I had no idea quite what to expect. St Kilda is so far enough out into the Atlantic to have its own weather: the storm systems roll across from Canada and catch here on the jagged heights of the , like sheep's wool on a barbed-wire fence.Consulting of a mountain range rising over 1,400 feet, St Kilda is the most remote part of the British Isles and one of the most extraordinary. Thought to have been inhabited for at least two thousand years, there are traces of Neolithic sites. That this place was inhabited at all is remarkable, given the unforgiving landscape and weather, That this place was inhabited at all is remarkable, given the unforgiving landscape and weather, and the great difficulty in ever being able to land there.

The joy of photography Photography is a hobby with wide (appeal) . And I don't mean taking photos on your mobile phone, though it cannot be (contradicted) that such pictures can be surprisingly good these days. Serious photography means taking the (trouble) to do some research, exploring the technical (aspects) of the subject and investing in what might be quite expensive equipment. So why take up photography? Firstly, it allows you to (capture) special moments that you want to remember forever. In addition, it (stimulates) your imagination because you are always in search of ideas for original and out of the ordinary photos. However, a lot of practice is required before you (manage) to take really good pictures on a regular basis. When you inally do it, it will be a (reason) of great satisfaction for you. Photography can also transform the way you look at the world. You start to see details that in the past you used to miss (completely) . All in all, it's a highly absorbing hobby.

The Lonely Frog. Situated in the heart of the city on the bank of the river Shauno under the Penny Bridge, The Lonely Frog ____traditional French cuisine in a friendly and relaxed atmosphere. Enjoy traditional Cassoulet, Boeuf Bourgignon, Raclette, and MANY more tasty dishes and teste SOME of the best French wines around. The service is excellent and the staff is VERY friendly and all speak French. The décor INCLUDES small fountains surrounded BY plants and flowers and the music is a varied mix of French classics such as Piaf, Brassens and Ferre. The prices are a LITTLE bit expensive but if you are looking for excellent service IN a relaxing atmosphere go to The Lonely Frog and you WONT be disappointed.

The moon Anyone taking the trouble to look (1) UPWARDS | UPWARD... on a clear moonlit night cannot fail to be moved by the sight of our sister planet hanging up there in the sky like a silver ball casting (2) GHOSTLY... shadows on the Earth below. Few (3) INANIMATE... objects can have had such an influence over religion and the arts. And never is the Moon's visual impact more (4) IMPRESSIVE... than when it is full and just above the distant horizon. Under these conditions, the apparent (5) PROXIMITY... of the lunar disc to familiar terrestrial objects makes the Moon appear to be very much larger and closer than normal. But the fact that our (6) UNAIDED... eyes still cannot discern more than just a few dark blotches on its surface demonstrates that this effect must indeed be just an (7) OPTICAL ... illusion. The light from the Moon cannot really become  INTENSIFIED ... as it passes at a grazing angle through our atmosphere.

The netherlands

Welcome to the Netherlands, a tiny country that only extends, at its broadest, 312 km north to south, and 264 km east to west - (1). ALTHOUGH.. the land area increases slightly each year as a (2) RESULT,of continuous land reclamation and drainage. With a lot of heart and much to offer, 'Holland,' as it is (3) COMMONLY... known to most of us abroad - a name stemming (4) FROM, its once most prominent provinces - has more going on per kilometre than most countries, and more English-speaking natives. You'll be impressed by its (5) HISTORIC cities and charmed by its countryside and villages, full of contrasts. From the exciting variety (6)  ON offer, you could choose a romantic canal boat tour in Amsterdam, a Royal Tour by coach in The Hague, or a hydrofoil tour around the biggest harbour in the world - Rotterdam. In season you could visit the dazzling bulb fields, enjoy a full day on a boat, or take a bike tour through the pancake-flat countryside spiced with windmills. The possibilities are countless and the nationwide tourist office, which is on hand to give you information and (7). MAKE reservations. You'll have (8) FEW language problems here, as the Dutch are true linguists and English is spoken here almost universally.

The philosopher, Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant was a 18th century German philosopher in work initiated dramatic changes in the fields of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, and teleology. Like many thinkers of that period, he holds our mental faculty of reason whose high esteem. He believes that it is our reason that invests the world we experience with structure. In his work he puts forward the argument that our faculty of judgment enables us to have experience of beauty and grasp those experiences as part of an ordered, natural world with purpose.

The Sami reindeer herders.I was recently privileged to join a Sami reindeer herdsman to experience the 110- kilometer migration , a grueling and dangerous journey into Norways frozen north. On arriving , I stopped the different shapes of the reindeer trudging in single file through a deep snow. How many reindeer do you have ? I asked Lars, the herdsman. He replied he didnt know, but of course he did really. I ought to have know better. You dont ask a Sami reindeer herder how many animals he owns; I might as well have asked to see his bank statement. Lars has granted permission for me and a group of tourists to accompany him as he believes its important to open up the reindeer herders little understood way of life. Lars explained, We cannot keep our culture to ourselves any more. I want to share it with the outsiders because educating the outside world is the best way for us topreserve our identity.

The Small Screen

In the 1920s, people were keen to (1)LEARN about new ideas and inventions, but perhaps the most popular and amazing idea of that decade was television. The first public demonstration of the television took(2)PLACE on January 13th , 1928. on this day, the first television programme was broadcast in the home of Ernst Alexanderson in New York, USA. The worlds first television(3)AUDIENCE saw a large machine with a tiny screen which wasnt black or white but pink. They saw a picture of a man (4) WHICH looked like he had been made using the x keys on a typewriter. The image was not very clear and moved (5)FROM side to side slightly. Magazines and newspapers(6) REPORTED this event with great excitement. People were amazed. Science fiction had suddenly(7) BECOME reality. Television was here and life would (8)NEVER be the same again. On May 10th, 1928, the first regular television programme was broadcast. This programme was a news report which was shown twice a day, three times a week. In those days, there were only a(9) FEW homes
with television sets, but it would not be long before TV would take over the world.(10)THESE days, millions of homes ll over the planet have TV sets showing thousands of programmes on hundreds of channels. Television is a part of our lives, and it is here to stay.

The solar system

The Solar System may be defined as consisting of all those objects that are governed by the Sun's gravitational field. Other effects arising (1) FROM the proximity of the Sun could equally (2) WELL be used as criteria, such as radiation pressure or interaction with the solar wind. (3) WITHany of these definitions the Solar System extends (4) OUT... to a distance of about two light-years; the closest star, Proxima Centauri, (5) ITSELF lying at a distance of slightly more than four light-years.

Our knowledge of this region of space certainly does not reach as far as this, (6) , HOWEVER | NEVERTHELESS , because the most distant Solar-System objects that we know about, the comets, seem to originate at a distance of no more than 50,000 astronomical units, or less than a third of the total distance. (7) . AS.. for the other Solar-System bodies known to us, they lie at distances of less than a few hundred AU. Our study is therefore confined (8) TO what is primarily the central region of the Solar System.

The Story of Gold

The story of gold is an adventure involving kings, queens, pirates, explorers, conquerors, and the native peoples they conquered. Throughout history, gold has woven a magic spell over those it touched. Gold is beautiful and rare; a soft shiny metal that can be moulded into many (1) shapes . It has been used for money, jewellery, and to decorate special buildings such (2) as palaces and places of worship. 

(3) Wherever the precious metal was discovered, prospectors rushed to mine it, starting new cities and countries as they went. Gold and the people who love it have helped shape the world we live (4)  in today. Gold is one of many elements, or substances that cannot be changed by normal chemical means, that are found in the Earth's crust. Gold has a warm, sunny colour and (5) because it does not react (6)  with air, water, and most chemicals, its shine never fades. In its natural (7) state , gold is soft and easily shaped. When heated to 1,062 Celsius it melts and can be poured into moulds to form coins, gold bars, and other objects. Stories have been told, movies (8) made and legends born about the discovery of the world's great gold deposits. It is a saga of dreams, greed, ambition and exploration.

Thomas Edison

ON the night of October 21 1931, millions of Americans took part in a coast-to-coast ceremony to commemorate the passing of a great man. Lights went out in homes and offices from New York to California. The ceremony marked the death of an inventor - indeed, to many people, the most impotant inventor of all time: Thomas Alva Edison.

Few inventors have had an impact great as his on everyday life. While most of his 1,000-plus inventors were devices we no longer use, many of the things he invented played a crucial role in development modern technology, simply by showing what was possible. And one should never underestimate how amazing some of Edison's inventions were. 

In so many ways, Edison is the perfect example of an inventor, by which I mean not just someone who dreams up clever gadgets, but someone whose products transform the lives of millions.He possessed the key characteristics that an inventor needs to achieve a success of inventions. Sheer determination is certainly one of them. Edison famously tried thousands of materials while working on a new tupe of battery, reacting to failure by cheerily announcing to his colleagues: "Well, at least we know 8,000 things that don't work. Knowing when to take no notice of experts is also important. Edison's proposal for electric lighting circuitry was received with total disbelief by eminent scientists , until he lit up whole streets with his lights.

Thursday, 6 March

Dear Tom, We arrived in London two days ago . we have visited many places and seen a lot of interesting things. Yesterday, we went by bus to the British Museum. Tonight we have tickets to the theatre.

I will telephone you when I return next week. Lots of love Colette

Tourism

Tourism is one of the world's largest industries, and it is the fastest growing. It contributes over £50 billion to the economy annually, over £12 billion of it from overseas visitors. About 25 million overseas visitors (1) come to  Britain each year. Tourism is one of the biggest employment (2) sectors in the UK, too it employs over 1.7 million people, which is more than in the construction or health service industries.

Around 20% of all new (3) jobs are in this industry. These figures are very impressive, but how do they translate (4)  into job possibilities for you? There is room in this industry for all sorts of people, with different educational (5) backgrounds, personal attributes, interests and career aims. A tourist is really a traveller someone who (6) makes a journey, usually for recreation, (7)  like  a holiday or sightseeing. (8) Therefore, tourism at its very simplest refers to the industry that provides travel and entertainment facilities for people away from their own homes.

U

Universal Wet Weekend

The weather across much of the British Isles remained settled last week, with a good deal of sunshine. The rest of the world, however, was coping with some [extreme] conditions. Hong Kong had 333 mm of rainfall over the weekend, not far off the [average] for the entire month of August. The southern Chinese town of Shanwei was [soaking] up the 468 mm of rain which fell in sixty hours up to midday on Sunday, [nearly] twice the usual August rainfall. Although most of Europe enjoyed sun, the high temperatures were sufficient to set off some [heavy] showers. On Tuesday morning a thunderstorm at Lyon in eastern France deposited 99 mm of rain in just six hours.

V

Vancouver

Vancouver in western Canada is named after Captain George Vancouver of the British Royal Navy. However, Captain Vancouver was not the first european to visit the area. The coasts had already been explored by the Spanish. Captain Vancouver did not spend many days there, even though he was warmly welcomed by the local people and the scenery amazed him and everyone else who was travelling with him. The scenery still amazes visitors to the city of Vancouvertoday. First-time visitors who are in search of breathtaking views are usually directed to a beach which is about ten minutes from the city centre. There, looking out over the sailing boats racing across the blue water, visitors see Vancouvers towering skyline backed by the magnificient North Shores Mountains. Then they sigh and say, Its so beautiful that I want to stay forever! You cant blame them. The city is regularly picked by international travel associations as one of the worlds best tourist destinations. They are only confirming what the two million residents and eight million tourists visiting Greater Vancouver every a single year already know: there is simply no other place on earth quite like it. Its not just the gorgeous setting where mountains meet the sea that appeals to people, but also Vancouvers wide range of sporting, cultural and entertainment facilities.

W

Ways of communiicating

People, in common with all social animals, must be able to communicate. EVEN through communication can one animal influence the behavior of ANOTHER. Human language is complex, allowing an infinite variety of new meanings. AS a rule, however, each animal signal conveys one, and only one message. But each single message may, however, contain several bits of relevant information. For example the call of certain insects, as well as giving information about social status, can also indicate THERE whereabouts. Information SUCH as this may play a crucial role in a species survival.

West African Elephant Tour.

How to photograph. Welcome to the Sahel Elephant Tour! Heres some advice on how to take great photographs of elephants.

Please remember It's too dangerous to go near elephants on foot. You must always be\stay in the car for the whole tour. The guide will let elephants come close to the car when ===3====. Then you can take photos of these beautiful animals.

Get your cameras ready for when the guide drives you to the river where elephants have baths and play In the wat in order to take some amazing pictures of the tour!

What is a coincidence?

A coincidence is a surprising thing that happen to us. For example , two friends go shopping alone on the same day. When they met up afterwards , they discover they've each bought an identical T-shirt. Many people (1) regard coincidences as significant or mysterious. But the simple (2) explanation could be that friends tend to have similar taste in clothes.

In reality, life is (3) full of coincidences , but normally we don't notice them. For example , in almost fifty percent of all football matches , two players share the same birthday. This seems surprising , (4) Tree climbing that there are 365 possible birthdays in the year. But most of these matches will be played without anybody being (5) aware that the coincidence exists.(6) Unless your birthday is today or tomorrow , you don't generally go around telling people when it is. What's more , without realizing it , you probably (7) come into contract with lots of people born on the same day as you . But when a coincidence is (8) brought to your attention , it still seems amazing.

What is Beauty?

Have you ever wondered what makes people beautiful? Why do we 1) find some people more attractive than 2) others? They say that beauty is in the eye of the beholder, but is that really true?

According to research, the friends, employees and role models that we choose depends 3) on their facial symmetry. That is, on how alike the 4) two sides of their face are. Scientists 5) say that human beings have developed this characteristic in order 6) to make sure that the healthiest and smartest humans survive. However, 7) having a more symmetrical face does not make one person better than another. Other human characteristics, 8) such as being kind, generous, caring and thoughtful are all important 9) for the survival of our species. It is therefore inaccurate, not to 10) mention unfair, to ignore these traits in favour of physical beauty.

Where were logo bricks invented?

In 1932, a carpenter named Ole Kirk Kristiansen started a company in Billund, Denmark, that (1) madewood stepladders, ironing boards, and toys. He named the company LEGO, a word (2) formed by combining the first two letters of leg and godt, the Danish word (3) for "play well". Soon, Kristiansen (4) was making only high-quality toys out of wood.

After World War II, LEGO started producing plastic toys. In 1949, the company launched Automatic Binding Bricks, (5) its first interlocking construction blocks. In the 1950s, the name was changed to LEGO bricks, and the company came out with the LEGO System of Play, (6) which included 28 sets and 8 vehicles. It (7) also began selling the toys (8) outside of Denmark for the first time. In 1958, LEGO received a patent for the modern bricks (9) so famous today. The new bricks not only had studs on top, but tubes inside that lock onto the studs of (10) others bricks and hold them securely together.

Who to respect

When I was child a clearly remember being told that I should respect the elderly. To be honest, I culd not really see why I should do so; old people to me seemed to be out of touch, impatient, ill tempered and constantly going on about how things were better in their day. Of course , I did not include my grandparents in that . I knew them personally and they were not at all like that- they were good company. Much more lively and interesting in every way. Now, as I approach old age myself, I realize that, although appearing to be morally righteous, the advice was wrong; we should treat all people equally . Everybody deserves respect.

Working at the Olympics

With the Olympic Games coming up fast, interviews for voluntary work will begin soon. The organizers will be looking for people whose aim is to help make the Games a success for everyone, from athletes to members of the public, and who have excellent customer service skills. The work which may start several days before the Games actually begin, will be unpaid and staff will have to make their own arrangements for accommodation. In addition , they will have to pay their travel costs to the stadium or site where they will be working. There will be many different kinds of jobs, ranging from cheking tickets and handing out uniforms to showing spectators to their seats and tidying up after events hafe finished. Volunteers will have to give up two weeks of their summer holidays, and there will also be a training course, which lasts three days.

There were very many people at the party when we arrived but half an hour later, it was crowded. 2. How was I to know that she would have an allergic reaction to the nuts in the cake? She should have said something!3. Arthritis is a very painful disease/condition that affects not only the old but also many younger people making many everyday activities difficult.4. He said he couldn't come to the meeting because of a previous engagement but I think he is just making excuses.5. You were driving at over fifty miles per hour and the limit here is only forty.6. I have to go to school now, otherwise I will be late.7. I can eat almost any type of fish or seafood except for octopus which I can't stand.8. The city is pretty safe although you may have some problems if you go into certain neighbourhoods at night.

Excuse me. Could you not stand in front of me like that? I cant see anything. 2. If you want to become a doctor, you will need to do well on biology but in the other sciences too. 3. Despite the cold outside, she insisted on only wearing a light T-Shirt. Dont make fun of Mr. Peterson because I had a very nasty accident. 5.We dont have to play musical chairs at the party. There are all/many kinds of other games the children can play. 6. I didnt go to dentists because I wanted to.. I went because I had to! 7. Go down this street for about three blocks, then turn right when you reach to the crossroads. 8. That new car of yours isnt at all similar as the one youhad last year. Why did you buy such a different one?

Tom always cuts across the parkon his way home. 2.John is trying to cut down on theamount of sweet food he eatsevery day.3.She forgot to pay the bill, andnow herphones been cut of! 4. When he read the article, hefound that the most excitingpart has been cut out. 5. Its cold today, so make sure you do up your coat. 6. I could really do with a cup of coffee right now. 7. Sooner or later we will have todo away with room keys and haveonly card keys.

1. He prides_himself on his ability to remember faces and names.

2. The company broke even in its first year and made a small profit the following year.

3. I dont know where I went wrong with this calculation; Ill just have to start from scratch and do it all over again.

4. Peter doesnt find his work very interesting, so he doesnt commit himself to it very well.

5. Only those who register before 1 December will be eligible to enter the competition.

6. I couldnt really agree with him as there were a number of flaws in his argument.

7. The board wants to make some radical changes in the company next year.

8. The party was cancelled at short notice, due to illness.

9. Success as an athlete is dependent on having plenty of self-discipline.

10.                The boss tends to turn a blind eye to staff occasionally being late

I gave up my seat on the bus SO that an old woman could sit down.2. The film was awful. The best thing ABOUT it was the photography which was beautiful. The film was shot in Cambodia.3. What a strange looking dog! Do you know what BREED/TYPE it is?4. DO me a favour and pass me the cell phone that's on the newspaper, please.5. First you will need to go to the post office, WHEREyou can buy all the stamps and envelopes you need.6. If you haven't been to the doctor's for a check for over a year, you SHOULD go as soon as possible.7. Madrid is a wonderful city but it has fewer parks THANLondon which is a shame because of the hot and sunny weather there.

8. Turn the machine off! That alarm means it can't BE working properly.


 


 

Reading

Part 5. For these questions, type the correct answer in each gap. Type only one word in each gap)

A

Amelia Earhart, Pioneer Woman Pilot (1897- 1927)

Amelia Earhart, the pioneering woman pilot, had [her] first flying lesson in January 1921, and convinced herself that she was destined to become a pilot. In the six months that followed, she managed to save enough money to buy a plane. Earhart named the bright yellow plane The Canary, and put it to good use, setting the first women's record by rising [to] an altitude of 14,000 feet, a remarkable achievement. From [then] on, Earhart's life revolved [around] flying. But strong [as] Earhart's convictions were, challenging financial obstacles lay ahead.

Anita Roddick (1942 - 2007)

In 1976 Anita Roddick opened the first Body Shop in Brighton, England. She sold natural ingredients in environment-friendly containers.

Anita had travelled to many different countries as a student She [noticed] that ordinary women in Africa and south-east Asia did not buy expensive creams for their skin, [but] used simple local materials like cocoa fat and lemon juice. She [discussed] this with a plant expert, and together they developed a completely new [kind] of skincare product. Today there are over 2000 Body Shops around the world Anita Roddick showed people a new way of [doing] business successfully.

C

Cheap English books

English books for beginners/ I [have] several easy books/ Ive only used [them] a little/ are a lot [more] expensive/ I [will] be there on Wednesday

Computer game review

to tick all the right boxes/draws on the gaming/an action game in [which] players pilot/chance to collaborate [with] one another in a game/[Although] not a lot of the game

Considerable amount of their time 1. Earth 2. Decides 3.wholy 4. Time 5 remain

D

Dear Lorna

so I [have] to get up/ people from a [lot] of different countries/ telling them [about] our city/ Here is [a] photo of me/ Im [wearing] my new uniform.

Dear Maria

I still think [about] all the friends/I was sad [when] I left England because my visit [was] too short/ I would [like] to return to England but [next] time

Dear Sir I read your advertisement

I would [like] to have some more/ How [much] does a course cost/ in three weeks, [on] Monday 9 May/ If you prefer [to] begin in June/ I hope [this] is the information

Diamonds are forever 1.all 2. Being 3. Which 4. Of 5. for

F

Fashion

worn clothing of [one] description/Apart [from] protection against/and gone [while] some of these have been/to those [who] had the money to [do] so

G

Graphology at work

Job applicants [are] asked to/ thoroughness [to] anxiety/ would be capable [of] dealing/ tells you a lot [about] an applicants/ is use together [with] other tests

Graphology at work

you have applied [for] it all depends on both [how] much they know about graphology [and] the way they use it/it wont be just [because] of their handwriting/they wouldnt [have] got

H

Henry Davies

when he suddenly [came] across/ a house [for] sale overlooking/ to be exactly [what] he was looking for/ During [this] time/ many other hotel owners [to] create similar hotels

Honey 1. Is 2. As 3. There 4 on 5. The

Hello Sergei, I am studying

I find [a] lot of the subject difficult, but [they] are all very interesting/ when I [have] finished the course/I [would] like to go and work [in] another country

Hello Silvio,

Theres [going] to be an extra swimming competition next week and not [enough] people in the team [are] free to do it. Jane [wants] you to swim in six races! Is that [too] much swimming for you

Hi Helga

I went to [the] seaside last Saturday/I was feeling fed [up] and I was/always been scared [of] the big rides/it was [much] fun/with me next [time]

Hi Jan!

Dad and I are having a lovely time on holiday here. We go to the beach every day and [there] is a lots to do at the hotel in the evening. Last night, they had a dance. It was excellent! The hotel shop has some lovely leather handbags. I'll buy one [for] you tomorrow.

Our flight will [arrive] at the airport at ten o'clock on Saturday evening so we will not get home until midnight.

I [have] forgotten my front door key so don't go to bed early!

[See] you soon.

Love Mum and Dad

J

Juggling

catching them [without] dropping/ using rubber balls [instead] of the cotton balls that were [no] use at the time/ seen practice [of] throwing/ control shown [by] Enrico Rastelli

Juggling

Juggling involves throwing a number of objects up into the air and catching them again. Probably the greatest juggler was Enrico Rastelli, who was born in Siberia in 1896.

Although Rastelli spent some of his early years in Italy, it [was] in Russia that he acquired his juggling skills. He was able to juggle [as] many as eight balls at the same time. However, [what] made him a genius was his perfect style, rather [than] the number of objects he could juggle. One of his specialties was throwing a ball into the air, and then catching [it] on a stick held in his mouth, a practice later copied by other jugglers.

L

Light Pollution

in big cities today [have]/ And it is [not] / also affected [by]/ for serious astronomers [as] well/ has come up [with] an interesting solution.

M

Moving picture were invented

Movies very [quickly] became popular/were built in a [district] of Los Angeles/ [By] the 1920,Hollywood/ the world film [industry]/Words [appeared] on screen from time

N

Newmarket.

English. 20th July. Dear Maria, How are you? hard [in] English/ for five [hours] a day/ its easy [to] visit/ Last night I [went] to the cinema/I like it [very] much

P

Paris Dear Maria

I still think [about] all the friends/I was sad [when] I left England because my visit [was] too short/ I would [like] to return to England but [next] time

Pelicans

which hold [up] to three time/ of the species, [even] if they do/ is surprisingly graceful [for] birds/ [Unlike] other birds/ pelicans are [still] at risk

Perseverance

if at [all] possible/a good train [unless] it is applied/with absolutely [no] musical ability/But [everyone] else might reply/and [however] difficult such a person

Piano competition

it is even bigger [than] last year/all over [the] world are going to/They will all have [to] play/The person [who] wins will get/There will [be] a concert

R

Riverside Hotel

food ever [since] the day/a family home [into] a hotel/ Davies [was] soon running/ the restaurant was [so] heavily booked/ trained [a] number

T

The importance of physical activity

The pace [of] modern life/Consequently, eating [a] balanced/ [Although] we are all aware/many people spend far [too] little time/news is that [it] is easier that/activity [into] your day/can do it at [any] time/so use them [when] you get the chance/to spend time together [as] a fimily

The hot river 1.Earth 2. Of 3. Can 4. Been 5. that

W

Ways of Communicating

must be able to communicate [because (only)] through communication/behavior of [another]/of new meanings [as] a rule/can also indicate [their] whereabouts/Information [such] as this may play

Who to respect

I could not really see [why] I should do so/were better in [their] day/grandparents in [this]/ I realize that, Im [Although] appearing to be/all people [equally].

Reading.

Part 6. For these questions, choose the correct answer (Total questions: 5-6 with 3 answers for each)

A

A Family Car

The French woman was selling the car because / she found the seats too hard

What did the Brookes family enjoy doing most in their car? / traveling to other countries

The car has never had / a new engine

Alex is going to sell the car because / he doesnt use it any more

What does Alex say about the car / it still goes very well

Amanda

When Amanda first entered Heinzelman's shop, Mary Louise seemed / delighted that Amanda had returned

From what Mary Louise says, it seems that / she thought it was late for a customer call

Amanda quickly told Mary Louise that she was on holiday because she wanted to /stop Mary Louise talking

Seeing Mary Louise wave to her, Amanda remembered that Mary Louise / had had a very similar childhood ...

From what Amanda says about Mattie, it is clear that /Mattie was a lot younger than Amanda

A hotel under the sea

What is the writer doing in this text

Giving information about an underwater hotel

What do we learn about the hotel

It will only have a small number of rooms

What can guests do in the hotel

Watch the ocean life near the hotel

What is the best thing about the hotel

It wont cause any damage the environment

What might the guest in this hotel say

Its great to stay in such a beautiful hotel that is also good for the planet

A matter of metres

In this text the author is describing

Large creatures

According to the text, some giants

Can be quite nice

What is the best des-ion of giants in Ger. and Scand.

They are scary

What have scientists found

Very large bones

The author believes that

Some of the stories may be true

A month ago I had no idea that on Saturday

What is the writer trying to do in the text?

say how she spent some free time

What can the reader learn from the text

what sort of activities you can experience at the Centre

How do you think the writer might describe her weekend

interesting

What do we learn about the group?

Some of them already knew each other.

Which of the following advertisements describes the Activity Centre?

ACTIVITY CENTRE Set in beautiful countryside. Accomodation provided.Work with a group - we show you a range of activities that you didn't realise you could do!

Acting minus the drama

Harriet Walter decided to write her book because she

wanted to satisfy people's curiosity about acting in the theatre.

In paragraph two, we learn that Harriet's book aims to

correct some of the impressions people have of the theatre.

What problem do actors have with newspaper publicity?

It often does more harm than good.

Harriet uses the example of the car journey to show that

acting shares characteristics with other repetitive activities

What does 'it' refer to in paragraph 4?

acting in the same play every night

Harriet criticises theatre reviewers because they

do not give enough recognition to the art of character acting.

 Harriet says that after actors have played a particular character, they.

will never forget how to play the part

What does Harriet say about her early work?

It has been a valuable influence on the work she has done since.

Ainsley Harriott

What is the writer's main purpose in writing the text?

to describe how he lives

What should the reader learn about Ainsley from the text?

He enjoys spending time with his family.

What does the writer say about himself?

He enjoys being popular.

What does he say about his working life?

He gets his best ideas at certain times

Which of the following is the best description of the writer?

The TV cook who loves making people laugh, watching football and, above all, having a happy family

An eye for detail

In the first paragraph, the writer describes Susans garden as

Having a path lined with flouwers

What does this in line 12 refer to

The harmony of the planting

What does Susan say about Danny

He was slow to see the point of some of her ideas

What is Susans approach to painting

She creates her painting in several stages

Susan thinks that tulips

Look best some time after they have been cut

How does the writer describe Susans attitude to her garden

She likes a certain amount of discover

What point is Susan making in the final paragraph

Its important not to leave the gardening entirely to other people

At 7pm on a dark

What surprises the writer about the popularity of Holiday on Ice?

Few people know someone who has seen it

The writer describes the backstage area in order to show

the conditions that the skaters put up with

What does the writer highlight about the show in the third paragraph?

 the range of companies involved in the production

For Robin Cousins, the key point when rehearsing skating routines is

the skaters positions on the ice.

Cousins believes that he can meet the challenge of producing shows for different audiences

by presenting familiar material in an unexpected way.

What does Cousins suggest in paragraph 5 about skating in shows?

It allows skaters to try out a range of ideas.

What is meant by the hard way in line 40?

 through difficult personal experience

What conclusion does the writer draw about Holiday on Ice?

 

It is difficult to dislike it.

Athletics

in Jamaica

What is the writer doing in this text

Discussing the importance of an athletics championship

What does the text say about the championships

They started over 100 years ago

What does Dwayne Simpson say about the Championships

They encourage young athletes to do their best

According the Nathaniel Day the event

Helps young athletes get used to being filmed

Which best describes the Jamaica Schools Championships

Its an important event which helps young athletes to improve

Berrak A pianist

How did Berak feel about playing the piano when she was very young

She really enjoyed it

How did she feel the first time she performed in front of an audience

Happy and relaxed

Why did Berak feel different from her friend when she was at school

Because she was the only one who to become a musician

Why does she say its important to meet and talk to other musicians at her college

Because it increases her possibilities of being asked to perform

When she says in the 22

Its important that lots of people know what she does and know her name

Why does the college environment often feel like a constant battle

Because there isnt enough work for everyone

Why did Berak decide to go into accompaniment

Because she like working as part of a team

Why does she say is the best thing about studying and pursuing a career of music

She spends all her time doing something she loves

C

Chris Sharma

What is the writer doing in the first paragraph?/summing up the main achievements of Sharmas climbing

What was Sharmas attitude on completing Realization?/He considered it an important event in his career.

What does Sharma say about his life after Realization?/He found the attention he received hard to deal with.

What does Sharma say about his recent involvement in climbing?/He is grateful for the support he gets from ...

Which of the following is Sharma most likely to say about himself? /Although this sport has always fascinated

Cities. Some cities are located by

This article is about

why some city sites are chosen

London owes its origin to

a river

The writer feels that

planned cities lack soul

Which is NOT given as a reason for a new city?

wars

"Congenial" in the first paragraph means

 none of these

The article suggests that English cities of military origin

can be found from their locations

There are no songs about Washington because

the city has little character

This article is mainly about

geography

D

Dear Mr Landers,

I run `Snips' hairdressing shop a

What is the writer's main aim in the letter?

to avoid problems for her business

Who was the letter sent to?

the writer's landlord

What does the writer think about the burger bar?

It will make her lose money.

Why is the writer worried about her customers?

The smells will not be pleasant.

Which of the following is part of a reply to the letter?

Thank you for your letter. I understand your problem. I will ask them to look at the other shop but I can make no promises at the moment.

Dont call me

What is the writer's aim in the article?

to express his/her dislike of mobile phones

What is the writer's main complaint?

mobile phones are antisocial

How does the writer feel about using mobile phones in public places?

annoyed

What does the writer think?

There are interruptions to lessons because of mobile phones.

Which of the following signs would the writer like to see in restaurants?

Do not disturb! People are eating!

What is the synonym for annoying?

Irritating

E

Ewan McGregor and Charley Boorman

When McGregor and Boorman first had the idea for their trip, their wives / seemed to accept it

In the beginning, why did the actors decide to travel a long way? / make a TV programme

What does McGregor say about his motorbike training? / It made him sad initially

Now he is back home, McGregor / misses the quieter places they went to.

The writer thinks the TV programme is good because of / the people who took part in it.

Everybody likes to feel that she or he is special.

What is the writer's main aim in writing the text?

to explain the importance of being yourself

This essay was most likely written by 

a young person

What does the writer say about our parents?

They frequently forget to tell us that we are special

The author of this essay believes that ...

A) we are all good enough just the way we are

Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?

What Makes You Special?

H

Homage to Kefalonia

When the writer mentioned she was going to Kefalonia, other people were / discouraging

In the evening, the streets in the town of Sami are full of / a mix of the entire population

What does the writer recommend about the Melissani cave? / seeing the cave at particular time for the best view

What does the writer say about influences from abroad in Kefalonia? /There are ruins of building from a

What did the director of the film say about Kefalonia? / The inhabitants of the island are very special

I

I have started to look at my kitchen in

What is the author trying to do in the text?

talk about keeping fit at home

Why would somebody read the text?

to find out about new exercise ideas

What does the writer think about this exercise programme?

You can exercise while doing the housework.

How might you feel after Michael Fenton's exercise programme?

 Proud

Which is the advertisement for Michaels exercise programme?

Keep fit in your own kitchen.

What is the synonym for exhausted?

 Tired

I know that it is my job to make sure t

What is the writer trying to do?

Explain

Who was the text written to?

the writer's employer

Why weren't any room available at the Hotel Riviera?

Someone had said they were not needed.

What happened in the end?

The tourists couldn't stay together.

Which of the following diaries was written by one of the tourists?

Someone had made a mistake with our hotel booking and the hotel had given our rooms to other people.

I shifted uncomfortably inside my best suit

As he travelled, the writer regretted his choice of

seat.

What had surprised the writer about the job?

He had been selected for interview.

The writer uses the phrase I had grabbed the lifeline (line 16) to show that he felt

ready to consider any offer.

What impression had the writer previously had of Yorkshire?

it was a boring place.

What did the writer find unusual about Darrowby?

the lack of activity

What did the writer feel the guidebooks had missed about Darrowby?

 the lovely views from the town

How did the writer recognise Skeldale House?

There was a certain plant outside

How did the writers attitude change during the passage?

He began to feel he might like living in Darrowby

J

Jacques Cousteau: a remarkable man

What is the writer trying to do in the text?

introduce readers to the filmmaker Jacques-Yves Cousteau

Being a child, Cousteau had ....

delicate health

In a car accident he

broke his extremities

Cousteau developed underwater breathing equipment

to extend his underwater investigations

During World War II Cousteau collaborated with ...

underground resistance fighters in France

L

Letter to the Newport Evening News

What is the writer trying to do in the letter? / Show her thanks.

What will the reader learn from the letter? / There are some kind people in Newport

How did the writer feel after her experience? / Surprised that nothing was stolen.

Why did the writer cry? / She was anxious

What would be a good headline for the letter? / Woman's bad day has a happy ending

Laurence Stephen Lowry

What did Lowry do after work?/.he studied art

Lowrys family?/.liked his paintings

Lowry became famous because/ an important man liked his paintings

When Lowry stopped working in the office, he/.became rich

Today, Lowrys work is/ .loved in his own country

Letter to teenage magazine

What is the writer complaining about in the letter

Adults can be thoughtless on trains

What will the reader discover from the letter

There are too few guards on trains

What is the writers opinion about some passengers

They behave badly

Why couldnt the writer leave the train

Somebody had hurt her

What would be a good headline for Charlottes letter

Where have all the nice people gont

Little chefs

What is the writer trying to do in the text? 

describe how some children spend their spare time 

What can a reader find out from this text?

why the classes are so successful 

Why did Flora join the course? 

Her mother wanted her to develop an interest

What does Philippe say about his young students?

They will be confident about cooking in the future.

What would one of Philippe's students say to a friend

 I was on a waiting list for ages, but now I'm on the course. Last week I cut up some onions. It was hard.

M

Making a career in music

The first paragraph says that anyone who wants a career in music/.is fortunate if they are discovered by talent

How are musicians advised to market themselves?/.They should show that they are different from other musicians

While musicians are waiting for their career to start, they should/.find work that will help them in their profession

What advice is given to musicians concerning their websites? /. The website should be easy to use

Regarding sales, the fifth paragraph suggests that musicians should/ ask local businesses to support events they organize

What does the final paragraph say about working for music companies?/ Musicians have to be respectful towards the companies

 

Man claims he was misled over nutritional content of meals

Why is Caesar Barber famous?

Because he sued fast food chains for making him obese.

What does Caesar Barber say about fast food?

He didnt know what the content of fast food was.

After the first heart attack, Caesar Barber

carried on eating fast food.

How did the American media react to this lawsuit

The media made fun of Caesar Barber.

Caesar Barbers lawyer argues that

Caesar Barber is trying to force fast food chains to better inform their customers.

is meant by the expression hard on the heels?

immediately after

What is Mr. Turney-McGrivey's opinion about the publicity surrounding Caesar Barbers case:

It is good because it raises awareness about the connection between fast food and obesity

The writer concludes that Mr. Barber

raised awareness about the problem of obesity

My name's Mandi. 

Why has Mandi written this

to explain a problem

Who is she writing to?

a teenage magazine

Why is Mandi worried?

She's been telling lies.

Why can't Tom come to Mandi's house?

She doesn't want her parents to meet him.

Which of these answers did Mandi receive?

You must start by being honest with everyone.

My fastest ever plane ride

How did Matt feel as the plane started moving along the runway

Convinced that he was going to be unable to behave as required

Why does Mat say We hadnt even done any acrobatics yet in lines 55-56

To emphasise how apprehensive he felt

What does responsive mean in line 59

Sensitive

In the fifth paragraph, Mat wants the pilot to think that

He is feeling fine

What does it refer to in line 71

Turning a full circle

What is implied about the pilot in the final paragraph

He is completely unaffected by their experience

P

Piano players- when they were young

Who had more than one sister or brother?/.Oleg

Who enjoyed other subjects as well as music?/.Josef

Who studied in another country for two years?/. Oleg

Who had music lessons with someone who wasnt a piano player?/.Ivan

Who also wrote music?/ Ivan

N

NOTTING HILL CARNIVAL

What is the writer's main aim in writing the text?

 to understand and describe the Notting Hill Carnival

 According to the passage, Notting Hill Carnival 

s held annually in August

 During the Notting Hill Carnival,

music and colour fill the streets of London

 The writer claims that

dancers in the carnival wear special clothes

 Although the carnival is a celebration of the traditions of black British 

 everyone seems to participate in it

O

O'Connell Street is the main thoroughfare and is one

What is the writer's main purpose in writing the text?

 to describe historic sights on Dublin's O'Connell Street

Dubliners claim that O'Connell Street 

is the widest street in Europe

What does the author say about the Irish people?

They are clever and funny

 The Daniel O'Connell statue stands .

opposite O'Connell Bridge

Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?

Sights and History on Dublin's O'Connell Street

Observer newspaper young travel writer competition

Max spent the afternoon at the old Kai Tak

Was looking for a way of passing the time

What did Max think of the people he met at the airport

He admired their enthusiasm

What does Max say about Hong Kong

He always finds it an inspiring place to visit

How did Max react when he realized he had won an award

He didnt know how to take advantage of the opportunity

What does this refer in paragraph 6

The headline of his father articles

What does Max say about journalism

It is difficult to earn a regular income

R

Racing Driver

When Carrie Wilson took part in competitions for radio controlled cars,/ she found the journeys to the events enjoyable

According to the second paragraph, Carrie hoped/ to match Fittipaldis speed

What does the third paragraph say about Carries time at school?/ She had difficulty in doing all her home work

What happened as soon as Carrie left school?/ Her father became her trainer

What does the fifth paragraph say about Carries situation now?/ She is very inexperienced compared with some other

In the final paragraph, what does Carrie say about her progress?/ She believes she learns from the mistakes she makes

Reviewed by Mark Cocker

What point is made about our ancestors beliefs

concerning birds?

 

People found it possible to believe conflicting claims

What is the focus of Birkheads book?

Developments in the way that knowlege

What point does the reviewer make in the third paragraph?

Medieval scholars

According to the fourth paragraph John Rays book

Shows that almost nothing was known

The reviewer refers to swallows landing on ships in

Beliefs about bird were rarely

S

Schools of the Air

Where does Jack live?/20 kilometres from the nearest village

In the second paragraph, we learn that Schools of the Air/are the answer to an Australian problem.

Every morning after breakfast,/Jack joins his class on the internet.

What happens during the Maths class?/ The pupils listen to their classmates.

As well as online lessons,/Jack receives things to watch and read.

Singing Together

What is the write trying to do in this article? / Describe a teachers ideas about the importance of singing

What can the reader find out from the article? / How singing is anyone can do

How does Ruth think singing with other people can help you? / You can get to know other people

What made Ruth start her own class? / She enjoyed going to a singing class herself

Which is the best advertisement for Ruths singing classes? / SONGS FOR ALL! Can you sing? Try our 'Singing for Everyone' class every week and find out! Make new friends.

Six month ago I made a rash promise

When the first day of the job arrived the writer was surprised

that the day had come round so quickly.

When the writer arrived to start her job she

realised she should have done more preparation

According to the writer, the parents were

Glad to leave their children

The writer's best moment

was hard to put into words.

According to the writer, adults

sometimes forget that children have worries too.

What is the writer's attitude by the end of the day?

She could imagine doing the job again next time.

Some people have complained

What is the writer trying to do in the text

give her opinions about a new book

Why would somebody read the text

to find out more details about something

What does the writer think of New Writing 3?

It's very good.

How might you feel after reading Jane Harris's piece?

sick

Which of the following describes New Writing 3?

Great value: the best of new writing for only 6.99

T

The Wisdom of Birds: an illustrated history of ornithology

What point is made about our ancestors beliefs concerning birds? / People found it possible to be conflicting

What is the focus of Birkheads book / developments in the way that knowledge is gained

According to the fourth paragraph, John Rays book / shows that almost nothing was known about birds ...

The reviewer refers to swallows landing on ships in mid-ocean to show that / beliefs about birds were rarely

What point does the reviewer make in the sixth paragraph? / The role of birds in the natural world is often

The Cabinet Maker

When she arrived at the workshop, the writer/ was not sure if her first impression of Hurst was accurate

Hurst has few problems selling his furniture because he/ is known to be a skilled craftsman

What does Hurst think has led to the decline in the craft of cabinet making? / Consumers will accept poor

Hurst believes that it is essential for craftsmen to/ produce functional designs

The writer's final impression of Hurst is that he/ has an unusual attitude to his work

The origins of agriculture

What did Lilian Gibbs notice about the trees in the forest?/A large number were very similar in their shape.

In the second paragraph, what does the writer say about farming?/It resulted in eventual changes in communal living.

According to the third paragraph, the most recent evidence shows that proto-farming/first appeared in the Middle East.

In the fourth paragraph, the writer says that the food grown in the early days of farming was probably/

eaten on special occasions.

In the fourth paragraph, the writer says that after the era of garden farms, people seemed to be unsure about whether/they could get suitable types of crop for domestic agriculture.

According to the final paragraph, what change did proto-farming undergo in its development?/ It went from being experimental to being essential.

Traffic in the park

Why has the writer written this text?/To show people how serious the Park's traffic problem is.

What would a reader learn from the text?/How the traffic situation in the Park could be improved.
What does Martin Doughty say about the situation in the Park?
/It would be unfair to stop people using cars in the Park.

What does the writer say about traffic in the Park?/Traffic jams spoil people's experiences of the Park.

Which of the following might Martin Doughty say?/The traffic jams and pollution are getting worse/ Please dont make unnecessary journeys through the Park and use public transport when you can

 

Trees in Britain

Steve Green is planting trees to / redevelop an area outside the city

More land could be used for growing trees when / better ways of farming were found

The British suddenly started to value trees because / a single night of bad weather

Evidence of increasing interest in trees is shown by the number of / people joining a tree conservation club

Lesley Robinson / helps children appreciate trees

The government published a report yesterday saying 

What is the writer trying to explain in the text?

what people think

What can the reader learn from the text?

whether the advice will be followed

What is Paul Klee's opinion?

He doesn't need to change his habits.

What does the manager think of the report?

People think they will soon be given different advice.

Which of the following is part of the government report?

Bad health in this country is caused by people eating the wrong kinds of food.

The price of a perfect holiday

The purpose of the text is to

Explain some of the problems that cruise ships cause

One reason cruise ships cause a lot of air pollution is because

They use types of fuel that are not permitted on land

What do we learn about the waste products on cruise ship

An enormous amount of the waste water isnt recycled

Why are cruise ship passengers not popular in some cities

They dont spend money on meals

Which best describes large cruise ship

They seem to offer ideal relaxing holidays, but they arent environmentally friendy

Theatre for the deaf

Why does she recommend it

Its an area of natural beauty

How does the girl feel about it

Unconvinced that there is a problem

What point is being made about college canteens

 

What does the woman like about the clothes he designs

They are original

Why did she accept a job in a bookshop

 

She hoped to improve certain skills

There's an old saying in the theatre world  "Never 

What is the writer trying to do in the text?

give his or her opinion about Pet Doctor

What would a reader expect to get from this text?

information about a new film

How did the writer feel about Pet Doctor?

It's not worth seeing.

Why did the writer mention Romeo and Juliet?

Gross proved he's a good actor in it.

Which one of these TV guides is describing Pet Doctor?

A doctor finds he can cure local animals, then discovers this isn't allowed. But it all finishes happily.

TO THE MOON In 1969

What is the writer's main purpose in writing the text

to talk about the first trip to the moon

Which Apollo mission took the first astronauts to land on the Moon?

Apollo 11

How did the "Eagle" arrive at the moon?

 It was carried by the Saturn 5 rocket

How many astronauts walked on the moon on July 20, 1969?

Two

What can a reader find out from the text?

when did humans first visit the Moon

W

Wilderness in southern Utah

The first paragraph indicates that the writer wants to / question the extent of human impact on the environment

According to the second paragraph, which definition of wilderness is shared by the general public and US legislation? /areas protected from any form of urban development

What change that has occurred in southern Utah is Mentioned in the third paragraph? / There has been a reduction in the level of rainfall

What effect has use of ORVs in Tenmile Canyon recently had? / the disappearance of some types of fish and insects

What view do many environmental organisations in the region have? / Not all ORV users are to blame for environmental damage

While Star School

What is the writer trying to do in the text? / Suggest ways that children can help the environment.

The most unusual thing about White Star School is / the teaching method

Jane Bartlett started White Star School because / she wanted to stay in the area

In the future, Jane would like the students to / encourage others to care for the environment

What would a teacher at the White Star School say about it? / Although we spend a lot of time outdoors, its very important for us that the children get the best possible education

When I opened the first Body shop in 1976

What is the writer's main purpose in writing this text?

to introduce her ideas to the reader

What would someone learn from this text?

what the writer's book is about

How does the writer feel about the business she runs?

It is not like any other company.

What kinds of workers does the writer like to employ

workers who have the same attitude as she does

What kind of person does the writer seem to be

She seems to be someone with strong opinions.

Why do economy class passengers get treated

What is the writer's main aim in writing the text?

to describe a recent trip 13 page

What would a reader find out from the text?

  the experiences of an economy-class passenger

According to the writer, how can you make sure you get a seat?

 book your ticket early

How does the writer feel after flying economy class?

hungry

Which of these letters did the writer send to a friend?

It was an absolute nightmare! I couldnt wait to get out of the plane.

What is the synonym for determined?

definite

Winter driving

What is the writer trying to do in this text?

advise people about safe driving in winter

Why would someone read this text?

to learn about better driving

What does the writer think?

Drivers should expect problems in winter

Why does the writer talk about a cup of coffee?

to explain the importance of smooth movements

Which traffic sign shows the main idea of the text?

Drive carefully. Ice on road ahead

 

Why did he go back to college?

He needed new skills

 

The man is

An inventor

 

How does the artist feel about his work

He is happy to see his work..

 

Why is the woman talking to her son?

To make a suggestion

 

What is the lecturer describing?

Reasons why something is..

 

Why did he decide to become a chef?

To develop a natural talent

 

 

 

 

What is the maximum size of a class?

4 people

How hot is the water in the swimming pool?

33c

One of the extras included in the price of the course is

Free use of the sauna

Which day of the week do the five-day courses start?

on Thursday

The company will give you back half your courses fee if

You do not learn to swim across the pool

What do clients have to pay four weeks in?

the deposit

 

 

The author's family

Had been to the same school

The other boys at the school

Didnt seen to mind the

The authors illness during the first ..

So serious..

When he was in hospital the author

Was disturbed by the nurses..

The result of his of his illness meant..

He got some private..

When the author was leaving school..

Realise how good his time..

The author now

Still feels the same way he..